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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/4921


    Title: 生育率與死亡率變遷對於世代重疊共存時間的影響:生命歷程的模擬分析
    Other Titles: Effects of Fertility and Mortality Change on the Timing of Family Role Transitions---A Life-Course Simulation
    Authors: 陳信木
    Keywords: 家庭結構垂直化;多重代間連結;生命歷程;人口微視模擬;家庭成員角色
    Beanpole family;Demographic microsimulation;Life-course;Timing of family role transitions;Multigenerational bonds
    Date: 2002
    Issue Date: 2007-04-18 18:24:46 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 臺北市:國立政治大學社會學系
    Abstract: 出生率與死亡率變遷,將會影響個人的家庭成員角色扮演之機會和時間。傳統社會裡,由於高出生率和死亡率盛行,「子欲養而親不待」的現象經常出現;反之,現代社會中,低出生和死亡水準的造福,處處可見所謂「稱慶高堂歡幼稚」的榮景。事實上社會學家Bengtson早在一九八○年代即指出,由於受到低死亡率與出生率的長期影響,現代的家庭逐漸出現垂直化現象,同一世代之內的家庭成員數量減少,但是,跨越世代的縱深加長,而且,家庭成員關係的維持時間大幅增加---所以,傳統社會的「幼年失怙」悲哀至今並不多見,反之,不僅許多人超過一甲子歲月身為人子(當然,相對而言身為人父),含飴弄孫的祖孫三代情更是比比皆是。過去,台灣有關人口轉型對於家庭的影響研究,大多係從數量規模的角度探討家庭結構型態或是居住安排類型,較為缺乏關於家庭成員角色扮演的時間模式探討,因此,也無法得知世代重疊共存的時間模式與內涵。本研究應用人口微視模擬途徑,援用實證的年齡別出生與死亡率模式,分析人口轉型過程個人在生命歷程扮演不同家庭成員角色的時間模式,尤其側重於探討世代之間重疊共存的連結關係。就如同Bengtson 的論證,多重代間連結乃是未來家庭內社會支持的重要資源與主要場域,所以,瞭解家庭內世代共存重疊的時間模式與內涵,將對於瞭解家庭內社會支持,貢獻巨大。
    By the increases of life expectancy and decreases of fertility, the family structures have change from pyramids into beanpoles. In a beanpole family structure, the shape is long and thin, with more family generations alive but with fewer members in each generations. This means that there are longer years of shared lives across generations. Such a phenomenon of co-survivorship between generations has significant implications for family social support. Since the relations across generations are becoming increasingly important to individuals and families, the multigenerational bonds will not only enhance but in some cases replace nuclear family functions. (Bengtson, 2001) The existing literature about the effects of demographic transition on the family structure in Taiwan usually focuses on the types and sizes of households. This study applies the demographic microsimulation approach to analyze the timing of family role transitions. Based on empirical data derived from the vital statistics, we simulate the life-courses of family role relations for different birth cohorts. With the simulated results, we can estimate the timing of family role transitions. The final results show the summary statistics for family life cycles.
    Description: 核定金額:381300元
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[社會學系] 國科會研究計畫

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