主觀本研究計畫利用第三期第三次「台灣社會變遷基本調查」所得到與階級認同及階級意識有關的資料，對台灣民眾的階級意識做進行潛在類別的分析。初步研究的主要發現為：(1)台灣社會民眾是有一潛在的階級認同結構。此潛在階級認同結構主要為由「中上階級」、「中層階級」與「勞工階級」等三個潛在類別所構成。(2)此三個潛在類別與性別及客觀之社經地位與馬克斯學派所關心之客觀階級位置均有關係。 The present research used the latent class analysis to uncover the latent structure of the class identification in Taiwan. The data collected by 1997 Social Change Survey was used to conduct the analysis. The major findings are: (1) The class identification of the people of Taiwan is based on a latent tripartite structure. The three underlying classes can be identified as the upper middle class, the middle class, and the working class. (2) The latent subjective class identification is related to objective social stratification variables including educational levels, occupational levels, family income, as well as objective social classes identified by Marxist scholars. There is also a gender difference.