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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/49616


    Title: 商業地震保險監理機制之研究
    The Study of the Supervision Mechanism of Commercial Earthquake Insurance
    Authors: 林金穗
    Lin, J.S.
    Contributors: 張士傑
    林金穗
    Lin, J.S.
    Keywords: 地震保險監理機制
    地震保險PML
    巨災準備金
    風險基礎資本額
    地震風險評估軟體
    Earthquake Insurance
    Earthquake Model
    Catastrophic Risk Management
    Insurance Supervision
    Risk-Based Capital
    CRESTA Zone, PML
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2010-12-08 15:11:28 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 台灣位處環太平洋地震帶,為全球地震風險潛勢較高的地區之一;因台灣高科技產業蓬勃發展,地震保險需求殷切,再加上開放保險費率自由化的政策及金控效應,趨使保險業間競爭白熱化,惡性價格競爭及保險經紀人的推波助瀾,保險公司的清償能力面臨重大考驗。
    台灣在保險監理方面如同日本、美國採行風險基礎資本額(RBC)制度,惟國際間位處高度地震風險潛勢之國家大都另建立一套地震保險監理機制,以確保保險公司的巨災準備金足以支付回歸期地震所造成的損失,其中以美國加州及加拿大政府均採用地震保險PML申報制度作為地震保險監理之依據最值得台灣學習。
    地震保險PML評估可採用CRESTA Zone平均損失幅度表計算或採用認許的地震風險評估電腦軟體推估獲得,實施的關鍵為主管機關應建立具有公信力的CRESTA Zone平均損失幅度表。本文特就二種評估方式的利弊做深入的比較分析,並藉由地震風險評估軟體的架構說明影響地震保險PML的因素與權重,作為保險公司落實地震風險管理之依據。
    本研究參考Solvency II的三大支柱提出建立地震保險監理機制之結論與建議如下:
    1.鼓勵建立保險公司的地震風險管理機制。
    2.公佈CRESTA Zone平均損失幅度表,作為保險公司地震保險PML申報依據,以落實產物保險業之地震保險監理機制。
    3.依據保險公司申報資料,提供保險主管機關實施差異化管理之依據。
    4.主動揭露經營績效、強化保險市場紀律,建立公平合理的經營環境。
    期待藉由建立適當的地震保險監理機制,減輕或消弭產物保險市場面臨自由化的惡性價格競爭與保險經營面的不合理現象,進而達到健全保險經營環境、促進保險業長期穩定發展,並確保社會大眾之保險權益的目標。
    關鍵詞:地震保險監理機制、地震保險PML、巨災準備金、風險基礎資本額、地震風險評估軟體
    Located at the Pacific Rim earthquake zone, Taiwan has been recognized as one of the severe seismic hazard areas in the world. With the bloom of high tech industry in the past two decades, the demand of earthquake insurance has been considerably increasing. However, along with the liberalization of insurance market, the new business model of financial holdings and the expanding influence from international brokers, insurance companies’ solvency capacity has been significantly challenged.

    Taiwanese Government, same as Japan and U.S., adopts Risk-Based Capital (RBC) method in insurance supervision, while most countries with high earthquake potential have set up independent earthquake insurance supervision systems to ensure insurers’ earthquake reserves capable to compensate the huge earthquake losses. Among all the measures, the PML reporting system adopted by Canada and the State of California to regulate and trace insurance companies’ financial statuses could be an adequate paradigm for Taiwan.

    The PML estimation could be obtained either using computer models or following default mean damage ratio table. This research compares the strength and weakness between these two methods, and presents the importance of parameters and key points in earthquake insurance management.

    Based on the three pillars of Solvency II, the conclusions and recommendations of this paper are:
    (1)Encourage insurance companies to build up the earthquake risk management mechanism;
    (2)Establish the official default mean damage ratio table for PML reporting system;
    (3)Adopt differential supervision practice to different level insurance companies;
    (4)Promote the self-disclosure of key business information and enhance market discipline.

    Establishing a sound earthquake insurance supervision system would not only ease the immoderate low-price competition but the whole insurance environment could also be stabilized and improved. It will ultimately achieve the objective to insure society liability and benefit the public as well.

    Keywords: Earthquake Insurance, Earthquake Model, Catastrophic Risk Management, Insurance Supervision, Risk-Based Capital, CRESTA Zone, PML
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)
    94932229
    95
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0094932229
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[經營管理碩士學程EMBA] 學位論文

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