English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 91290/121430 (75%)
Visitors : 25457918      Online Users : 108
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/49954


    Title: 單親就業父母工作與家庭衝突之研究
    Single employed parent's work and family conflict
    Authors: 洪婉嫃
    Contributors: 傅立葉
    洪婉嫃
    Keywords: 單親父母
    就業
    性別
    工作-家庭衝突
    家庭-工作衝突
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-12-09 14:44:17 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究旨在探討998年和2006年單親就業父母工作與家庭衝突情形,以及瞭解是否有性別差異,並探究影響單親就業父母工作與家庭衝突的重要因素及轉變。研究工具為行政院主計處1998年和2006年「臺灣地區社會發展趨勢調查訪問表-家庭生活」資料庫,並以1998年183位、2006年562位有工作、有未滿18歲未婚子女的單親父母為研究對象。主要研究結果如下:
    一、1998年和2006年工作-家庭衝突沒有差異;但家庭-工作衝突則2006年較1998年減緩。
    二、1998年單親父親之工作-家庭衝突高於單親母親;家庭-工作衝突則無性別差異。2006年單親父親之工作-家庭衝突高於單親母親;單親母親之家庭-工作衝突部分高於單親父親。
    三、1998年工作-家庭衝突影響因素為性別和工作身分,單親父親、雇主的工作-家庭衝突較高。家庭-工作衝突影響因素為個人年收入、工作身分、子女數和父母同住情形,自營作業者、有2名子女者,家庭-工作衝突較高,年收入80萬元以上、與母親同住或與父母雙方同住者,家庭-工作衝突較低。
    四、2006年工作-家庭衝突影響因素為性別、年齡、單親成因、在家活動時間,單親父親、未婚、離婚或分居者,工作-家庭衝突較高,年齡20歲以上-30歲和40歲以上-50歲者、在家活動時間愈長者,其工作-家庭衝突較低。家庭-工作衝突影響因素為年齡、最小子女年齡和父母同住情形,最小子女年齡在6歲以下者,家庭-工作衝突較高,年齡20歲以上-30歲、與母親同住或與父母雙方同住者,家庭-工作衝突較低。
    五、性別為兩年度相同的工作-家庭衝突影響因素,父母同住情形為兩年度相同的家庭-工作衝突影響因素,至於其他影響因素則可能隨著社會變遷、就業市場轉型與福利服務提供等原因而轉變。
    最後,依研究發現嘗試對政府部門、企業和單親家庭服務機構提出建議,供未來單親家庭政策和實務參考。
    關鍵詞:單親父母、就業、性別、工作-家庭衝突、家庭-工作衝突
    Reference: 王孝仙(1991)。單親的支持系統及其生活適應之研究。中國文化大學兒童福利研究所碩士論文。
    王郁琇(2006)。單親父親之親職實踐。世新大學性別研究所碩士論文。
    王恩惠(2006)。已婚職業婦女工作家庭衝突與婚姻滿意度之相關研究-以中央健康保險局為例。台灣性學學刊,12(2),13-36。
    王瑞香(2000)。第四章基進女性主義。於顧燕翎主編(2000),女性主義理論與流派。台北市:女書。
    王麗容(1995)。婦女與社會政策。台北市:巨流。
    行政院內政部(2005)。單親家庭狀況調查報告。台北:內政部。
    行政院內政部社區發展雜誌社(2000)。社會工作辭典。台北:內政部社區發展雜誌社。
    行政院勞工委員會(2009)。女性僱用管理調查報告。台北:行政院勞工委員會。
    江浩弘(1996)。企業提供支持家庭之工作環境對工作-家庭衝突與工作生活品質影響之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
    呂玉瑕 (1982)。現代婦女之角色態度的價值延伸現象。思與言,20(2),28-35。
    李和健(2007)。工作限制、家庭責任與職家衝突之關聯:以社會支持為調節因子。中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文。
    李美枝(1984)。女性心理學。台北:大洋。
    李雪麗(1995)。已婚職業婦女角色衝突、組織承諾與離職意願關係之研究。台灣師範大學家政教育研究所碩士論文。
    吳國宏、錢文(譯)(2001)。跨越兩性世界的橋樑。香港:突破。(Philpot, Carol L., Brooks, Gary R., Lusterman, Don-David & Nutt, Roberta L., 1997)。
    邱淑琴(2002)。由自我決定理論探討工作與家庭衝突之關係-以高雄市高中職教師為例。中山大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文。
    林芳玫(2000)。第一章自由主義女性主義。於顧燕翎主編(2000),女性主義理論與流派。台北市:女書。
    林莉菁、鄭麗珍(2001)。離婚單親父親因應親職與工作角色的探討。社會政策與社會工作學刊,5(2),113-174。
    林萬億、秦文力(1992)。台北市單親家庭問題及其因應策略之研究。台北市研考會委託研究報告。
    林萬億、吳季芳(1993)。男女單親家長生活適應之比較分析。中國社會學刊,17,127-162。
    林萬億、吳季芳(1998)。單親家庭的兒童福利政策-兒童福利大體檢。台北:二十一世紀基金會主編,133-165。
    林曉雯(1994)。雙薪夫妻之工作:家庭衝突、組織承諾與生活滿足關係之硏究。淡江大學國際企業學硏究所碩士論文。
    范情(2000)。第六章當代社會主義女性主義。於顧燕翎主編(2000),女性主義理論與流派。台北市:女書。
    唐先梅(2002)。影響夫妻家務公平之因素。中華家政學刊,31,71-82。
    徐心怡(2002)。女性工作者對企業內家庭親善政策需求之研究:工作-家庭衝突觀點。中正大學勞工研究所碩士論文。
    徐良熙、林忠正(1984)。家庭結構與社會變遷:中美單親家庭之比較。中國社會學刊,8,1-22。
    陸洛、黃茂丁、高旭繁(2005)。工作與家庭的雙向衝突:前因、後果及調節變之探討。應用心理研究,27,133-166。
    陳惠君(1998)。單親父母之生活壓力、因應方式、社會支持與其情緒適應之相關性研究。暨南大學社會政策政與社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    陳皎眉、王叢桂、孫蒨如(2003)。社會心理學。台北:國立空中大學。
    陳靜雁(2003)。單親母親之母職經驗與內涵。暨南國際大學社會政策與社會工作學系研究所碩士論文。
    張清富、薛承泰、周月清(1995)。單親家庭現況及其因應策略之探討。行政院研考會委託研究報告。
    張春興(1996)。教育心理學。台北:東華書局。
    張惠芬、郭妙雪(譯)(1998)。工作與家庭。台北:揚智。(Voydanoff, P., 1987)。
    張秀琴(1998)。單親家庭基本特質及困擾之探討。中國統計通訊,9(1),8-17。
    張晉芬、黃玟娟(1997)。兩性分工觀念下婚育對女性就業的影響-清官要管家務事。收劉毓秀主編(1997),女性國家照顧工作。台北:女書。
    葉爾雯(1991)。影響雙生涯夫妻家庭與職業衝突的有關背景、情境及心理因素之研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文。
    劉美惠(2000)。台灣的單親家庭與其貧窮原因之探討。台灣大學社會學研究所碩士論文。
    劉淑娜(1984)。寡婦家庭的支持系統與生活適應。台灣大學社會學研究所碩士論文。
    蔡婷婷(2006)。工作家庭政策、工作家庭衝突與組織承諾之研究。中山大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班論文。
    薛承泰(1996)。台灣地區單親戶的數量、分佈與特性:以1990年普查為例。人口學刊,17,1-30。
    薛承泰(2002)。臺灣地區單親戶的變遷:1990年與2000年普查的比較。台大社會工作學刊,6,1-33。
    謝美娥(1998)。台灣女性單親家庭的類型、(人力)資源與居住安排之初探。政治大學社會學報,28,117-152。
    Adams, G.A., King, L.A., & King, D.W. (1996). Relationships of Job and Family Involvement, Family Social Support, and Work-Family Conflict with Job and Life Satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(4), 411-420.
    Amato, P.R. (2000). The Consequences of Divorce for Adults and Children. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62(4), 1269-1287.
    Arrighi, B.A., Maumer, D.J. (2000). Workplace Subordination and Men's Avoidance of House. Journal of Family Issues, 21(4), 464-487.
    Behson, S.J. (2002). Coping with Family-to-Work Conflict : The Role of Informal Work Accommodations to Family. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 7(4), 324-341.
    Bem, S.L. (1974). The Measurement of Psychological Androgyny. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42(2), 155-162.
    Beutell, N.J. & Greenhaus, J.H. (1980). Some Sources and Consequences of Inter-Role Conflict Among Married Women. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Academy of Management, 17, 2-6.
    Boyar, S.L., Maertz Jr., C.P., & Pearson, A.W.(2005). The Effects of Work-Family Conflict and Family-Work Conflict on Non-Attendance Behaviors. Journal of Business Research, 58(7), 919-925.
    Boyar, S.L., Maertz Jr., C.P., Pearson, A.W., & Keough, S. (2003). Work-Family Conflict: A Model of Linkages between Work and Family Domain Variables and Turnover Intentions. Journal of Managerial Issues, 15(2), 175-190.
    Bruck, C., Allen, T.D., & Spector, P.E. (2002). The Relation between Work-Family Conflict and Job Satisfaction: A Finer-Grained Analysis. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 60(3), 336-353.
    Burns, A., & Scott, C. (1994). Mother-Headed Families and Why They Have Increased. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
    Byron, K. (2005). A Meta-Analytic Review of Work-Family Conflict and Its Antecedents. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 67(2), 169-198.
    Carlson, D.S., Derr, C.B., & Wadsworth, L.L. (2003). The Effects of Internal Career Orientation on Multiple Dimensions of Work-Family Conflict. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 24(1), 99-116.
    Cinamon, R. G., & Rich, Y. (2002). Gender Differences in the Importance of Work and Family Roles: Implications for Work-Family Conflict. Sex Roles, 47, 531-541.
    Crouter, A. C. (1984). Spillover from Family to Work : The Neglected Side of the Work-Family Interface. Human Relations, 37, 425-442.
    Duncan, G.J., & Hoffman, S.D. (1985). A Reconsideration of the Economic Consequences of Marital Disruption. Demography, 22, 485-498.
    Duxbury, L. E., & Higgins, C. A.(1991). Gender Differences in Work-Family Conflict. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76(1), 60-74.
    Duxbury, L.E., Higgins, C.A., Mills, S. (1992). After-Hours Telecommuting and Work-Family Conflict: A Comparative Analysis. Information Systems Research, 3(2), 173-190.
    Eagle, B.W., Miles, E.W., & Icenogle, M. L. (1997). Interrole Conflict and the Permeability of Work and Family Domains: Are There Gender Differences? Journal of Vocational Behavior, 50(2),168-184.
    Eagle, B.W., Icenogle, M.L., Maes, J.D., Miles, E.W. (1998). The Importance of Employee Demographic Profiles for Understanding Experiences of Work-Family Interrole Conflicts. The Journal of Social Psychology, 138(6), 690-709.
    Elloy, D. F. & Smith, C. (2004). Antecedents of Work- Family Conflict Among Dual-Career Couples: An Australian Study. Cross Cultural Management, 11(4), 17-27.
    Fassinger, P.A. (1993). Meanings of Housework for Single Fathers and Mothers: Insights into Gender Inequality. In Hood, J.C. (Ed.). Men, work, and family, 195-216. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
    Frone, M.R., Russell, M., & Cooper, M.L. (1992). Antecedents and Outcomes of Work-Family Conflict : Testing A Model of the Work-Family Interface. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77(1), 65-78.
    Frone, M.R., Russell, M., & Barnes, G.M. (1996). Work-Family Conflict, Gender, and Health Related Outcomes: A Study of Employed Parents in Two Community Samples. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 1(1), 57-69.
    Frone M. R. & Yardley J. K. (1996). Workplace Family-Supportive Programs: Predictors of Employed Parents’ Importance Ratings. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 69, 351-366.
    Fu, C.K., & Shaffer, M. A. (2001). The Tug of Work and Family: Direct and Indirect Domain-Specific Determinants of Work-Family Conflict. Personnel Review, 30(5), 502-522.
    Giddens, A. (1986). The Constitution of Society: Outline of the Theory of Structuration. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Greenhaus, J. H., & Beutell, N. J.(1985). Sources of Conflict between Work and Family Roles. Academy of Management Review, 10(1), 76-88.
    Greenhaus, J.H. & Kopelman, R.E. (1981). Conflict between Work and Non-Work Roles: Implications for the Career Planning Process. Human Resource Planning, 4, 1-10.
    Grzywacz, J.G., Almeida, D.M., & McDonald, D.A. (2002). Work-Family Spillover and Daily Reports of Work and Family Stress in the Adult Labor Force. Family Relations, 51(1), 28-36.
    Gutek, B.A., Searle, S., & Klepa, L. (1991). Rational Versus Gender Role Explanations for Work-Family Conflict. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76 (4), 560-568.
    Hall, L.D., Walker, A.J., & Acock A.C. (1995). Gender and Family Work in One-Parent Households. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 57(3), 685-692.
    Hammer, L.B., Cullen, J.C., Neal, M.B., Sinclair, R.R., & Shafiro, M. (2005). The Longitudinal Effects of Work-Family Conflict and Positive Spillover on Depressive Symptoms Among Dual-Earner Couples. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 10(2), 138-154.
    Hammer, T.H., Saksvik, P.O., Nytro, K., Torvatn, H., & Bayazit, M. (2004). Expanding the Psychosocial Work Environment: Workplace Norms and Work Family Conflict as Correlates of Stress and Health. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 9(1), 83-97.
    Hardesty, C. & Bokemeier, J.(1989). Finding Time and Making Do : Distribution of Household Labor in Non-Metropolitan Marriages. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 51(1), 253-267.
    Haskey,J.L.(1991). Lone Parenthood and Demographic Change. In Hardey, M., & Crow, G. (Eds.). Lone Parenthood:Coping with Constraints and Making Opportunities. New York : Harvester Wheatsheaf Press.
    Hass, L. (1999). Families and Work. In Sussman, M.B., Steinmetz, S.K., & Peterson, G.W. (Eds.). Handbook of marriage and the family, 571-612. New York: Plenum.
    Higgins, C., Duxbury, L., Lee C. (1994). Impact of Life-Cycle Stage and Gender on the Ability to Balance Work and Family Responsibilities. Family Relations, 43(2), 144-150.
    Hilton, J.M. & Haldeman, V.A.(1991). Gender Differences in the Performance of Household Tasks by Adults and Children in Single -Parent and Two - Parent, Two - Earner Families. Journal of Family Issues, 12(1), 114-130.
    Holahan, C.K., & Gilbert, L.A. (1979). Conflict Between Major Life Roles: Women and Men in Dual-Career Couples. Human Relations, 32(6), 451-457.
    Kahn, R.L., Wolfe, D.M., Quinn, R., Snoek, J.D., & Rosenthal, R.A. (1964). Organizational Stress: Studies in Role Conflict and Ambiguity. New York:Wiley.
    Keene, J.R., & Quadagno, J. (2004). Predictors of Perceived Work-Family Balance: Gender Difference or Gender Similarity? Sociological Perspectives, 47, 1-23.
    Keith, P.M., & Schafter, R.B. (1980). Role Strain and Depression in Two-job Families. Family Relations, 29(4), 483-488.
    Kinnunen, U., Geurts, S., & Mauno, S. (2004). Work-to-Family Conflict and Its Relationship with Satisfaction and Well Being: A One Year Longitudinal Study on Gender Differences. Work & Stress, 18(1), 1-22.
    Kopelman, R.E., Greenhaus, J.H & Connolly, T.F. (1983). A Model of Work, Family, and Interrole Conflict : A Construct Validation Study. Organizational Behavior & Human Performance, 32(2), 198-215.
    Kossek, E.E., Ozeki, C. (1998). Work-Family Conflict, Policies, and the Job-Life Satisfaction Relationship : A Review and Directions for Organizational Behavior- Human Resources Research. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83(2), 139-149.
    Lee, M., Vernon-Feagans, L., Vazquez, A., Kolak, A. (2003). The Influence of Family Environment and Child Temperament on Work/Family Role Strain for Mothers and Fathers. Infant and Child Development, 12(5), 421-439.
    Lottes, I.L. & Kuriloff, P.J. (1992). The Effects of Gender, Race, Religion and Political Orientation on Sex Role Attitudes. Adolescence, 27(107),675-688.
    Marks, S.R., Huston, T.L., Johnson, E.M., & MacDermid, S.M. (2001). Role Balance among White Married Couples. Journal of Marriage and Family, 63(4), 1083-1098.
    Milkie, M.A., & Peltola, P. (1999). Playing All the Roles: Gender and the Work- Family Balancing Act. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 61(2), 476-490.
    Netemeyer, R.G., Boles, J.S., & McMurrian, R. (1996). Development and Validation of Work-Family Conflict and Family-Work Conflict Scales. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(4), 400-410.
    Nomaguchi, K.M. (2009). Change in Work-Family Conflict Among Employed Parents Between 1977 and 1997. Journal of Marriage and Family, 71(1), 15-32.
    Pleck, J. (1977). The Work-Family Role System. Social Problems, 24, 417-427.
    Pleck, J., Staines, G. & Lang, L. (1980). Conflicts between Work and Family Life. Monthly Labor Review, 103, 29-32.
    Rice, D. F. (1983). Comtemporary marriage. Bostom: Allen & Bacon.
    Risman, J. (1986). Can Men “Mother” ? Life as a Single Father. Family Relations, 35(1):95-102.
    Sidanius, J., Cling, B. J., & Pratto, F. (1991). Ranking and Linking as a Function of Sex and Gender Role Attitudes. Journal of Social Issues, 47(3), 131-149.
    Thornton, A., Alwin, D.F., & Camburn, D. (1983). Causes and Consequences of Sex-Role Attitudes and Attitude Change. American Sociological Review, 48(4), 211-227.
    Voydanoff, P. (1988). Work Role Characteristics, Family Structure Demands, and Work/Family Conflict. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 50(3), 749-761.
    Voydanoff, P. (2004). The Effects of Work Demands and Resources on Work- to- Family Conflict and Facilitation. Journal of Marriage and Family, 66(2), 398-412.
    Winslow, S. (2005). Work-Family Conflict, Gender, and Parenthood, 1977 - 1997. Journal of Family Issues, 26(6), 727-755.
    Zhan, M., & Pandey, S. (2004). Economic Well-Being of Single Mothers : Work First or Postsecondary Education? Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 31(3), 87-113.
    行政院主計處(2000)。臺閩地區戶口及住宅普查http://www.dgbas.gov.tw/public/Attachment/41171663571.rtf
    行政院主計處(2006)。社會發展趨勢調查-家庭生活http://win.dgbas.gov.tw/dgbas03/ca/society/life-95/t-xls/t3-2.xls
    行政院主計處 臺灣地區歷年婚姻狀況別之勞動力參與率 http://win.dgbas.gov.tw/dgbas04/bc4/manpower/year/year_t1-t22.asp?table=9&ym=1&yearb=82&yeare=97
    行政院主計處(2008)。就業者主要工作每週平均經常工時-按主要工作從業身分 http://www.dgbas.gov.tw/public/data/dgbas04/bc4/mpwutility/97/mtable29.xls
    行政院主計處 家庭收支調查http://www.dgbas.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=19882&CtNode=3241&mp=1
    行政院主計處 國情統計通報 92年單親家庭概況http://www.stat.gov.tw/public/Data/541216375071.pdf
    美國健康暨人群服務部
    http://aspe.dhhs.gov/hsp/connections-charts04/ch1.htm#ch12
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    社會工作研究所
    95264004
    98
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0095264004
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[社會工作研究所 ] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    400401.pdf718KbAdobe PDF4541View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback