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    題名: 1987~2007年東亞國際旅遊競爭力研究
    A Study of International Tourism Competitiveness of East Asian Economies of 1987~2007
    作者: 陳勇安
    Chen,yong an
    貢獻者: 王國樑
    Wang,kuo liang
    陳勇安
    Chen,yong an
    關鍵詞: 國際旅遊
    相對競爭力
    三階段最小平方法
    Intrernational Tourism
    Relative Competitiveness
    3SLS
    日期: 2009
    上傳時間: 2010-12-09 14:49:32 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本文目的為探討影響東亞九個經濟體(台灣、香港、韓國、中國、及東南亞國協五國─印尼、馬來西亞、菲律賓、新加坡、泰國)在國際旅遊觀光市場之相對競爭力的因素及利用國際旅遊觀光統計資料,透過三階段最小平方法(3SLS)及迴歸分析,分別針對東亞九個經濟體,探究相對價格、匯率及供給面變數,對其主要來源國家觀光客─美國、日本做實證分析。實證結果發現:(1) 如果旅遊目的為商務或探親,或者是以觀光團型態旅遊,則國際觀光客對於相對價格變動並不敏感。(2) 如果大部分在目的地國家的旅遊支出是以來源國家貨幣計價,則國際觀光客對於匯率變動並不敏感。(3) 供給面因素的確對經濟體之國際旅遊觀光市場佔有率具有決定性影響,然而其影響視來源國與各目的地國家之相關性而定。
    參考文獻: Artus, J. R. (1972). An Econometric Analysis of International Travel, International Monetary Fund Staff Papers, 19(3), 579-614.
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    Martin, C. A. and Witt, S. F. (1987). Tourism Forecasting Models: Choice of Appropriate Variable to Represent Tourists’ cost of Living, Tourism Management, 8, 223-45.
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    O’Hagan, J. W. and Harrison, M. J. (1984). Market Shares of U.S. Tourist Expenditures in Europe: An Econometric Analysis, Applied Economics, 16(6), 9119-31.
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    Shareef, R., and McAleer, M. (2005). Modelling international tourism demand and volatility in small island tourism economies. International Journal of Tourism Research, 7(6), 313-333.
    Song, H., Witt, S. F., and Jensen. T. C. (2003). Modelling and Forecasting the Demand for Hong Kong Tourism, International Journal of Hospitality Management, 22(2):435–451.
    Truett, D. B. and Truett, L. J. (1987). The Response of Tourism to International Economic Conditions: Greece, Mexico and Spain, The Journal of Developing Areas, 21(2), 177-90.
    Tsai, P. L., and Wang, K. L. (1998). Competitiveness of international tourism in Taiwan: US versus Japanese visitors, Applied Economics, 30, 631-641.
    Turner, L. W., and Witt, S. F. (2001). Factors influencing demand for international tourism: tourism demand analysis using structured modelling, Revisited. Tourism Economics, 7, 21-38.
    Varian, H. R. (1992). Microeconomic Analysis, 3rd edition, W. W. Norton, New York.
    Wang, K. L., and Wu, C. S. (2002). A Study of Competitiveness of International Tourism in the Southeast Asian Region, in Takatoshi Ito and Anne O. Krueger, eds., Services in the Asia Pacific Region, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 315-340.
    White, K. J. (1985). An International Travel Demand Model: US Travel to Western Europe, Annuals of Tourism Research, 12(4), 529-45.
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    Eilat, Y., and L. Einav, (2004). Determinants of international tourism: a three dimensional panel data analysis. Applied Economics, 36, 1315-1327.
    描述: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    經濟學系
    97258011
    98
    資料來源: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0097258011
    資料類型: thesis
    顯示於類別:[經濟學系] 學位論文

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