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    Title: 我國推動性別主流化發展之研究:從參與式民主觀點探討
    The Development of Gender mainstreaming in Taiwan Based on the Viewpoint of Participation Democracy
    Authors: 魏美娟
    Wei, Meichuan
    Contributors: 陳惠馨
    魏美娟
    Wei, Meichuan
    Keywords: 性別主流化
    參與式民主
    Gender Mainstreaming
    Participatory Democracy
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-12-09 16:14:05 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 性別主流化的概念,從1995年在北京被提出,經過了15年,性別議題逐漸在國際組織中獲得重視,各國對於性別主流化的推動與實施不遺餘力。台灣從2003年推動性別主流化至今,約七年的時間,對照起聯合國在2010年三月在紐約所召開的北京+15會議,台灣僅僅用了一半時間,發展出屬於台灣本土性別主流化經驗。
    由於行政院婦權會具有「參與式民主」「公私合作」的特質,尤其來自民間的婦權委員,試圖在我國推動性別主流化的發展過程中,建立各種不同的參與機制與平台,將不同的個人與團體串連起來。換言之是一種參與式政府的體現,性別主流化過程中強調授與員工權力(性別聯絡人設置)與能力(性別培訓制度),試將政府組織內的個人納入決策過程,亦即是以體制內的「公務人員」作為參與式民主的主體,運用性別聯絡人制度、性別平等工作小組,以及性別培訓制度等擴大參與的制度,試圖將個別公務人員納入性別主流化推動過程中。此種體制內擴大參與的模式,改變了以社會中公民為主體的參與民主模式,進行體制內參與式民主發展的可能。
    同時,婦權基金會所建立的婦女團體溝通平台亦是參與式民主機制的建立,婦女溝通平台不僅有助於政府部門與民間團體的溝通與對話,能夠使民間團體瞭解政府部門的各項施政與發展,也助於行政部門傾聽婦女團體對於個別議題的想法,以及婦女團體間對於議題的溝通與交流。在國際參與機制,婦權基金會透過每年補助民間團體與專家學者的機制,讓許多團體與個人,透過參加聯合國與各國際組織會議,將國際社會中關注的性別議題帶回台灣社會。
    Gender mainstreaming had been formally raised in the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing in 1995. It has become one of the main strategies for fulfilling gender equality in international community. Gender mainstream is not only regarding female separately. Furthermore, it isn't only making some policies or allocating budgets for female affairs, but also putting gender views in all of the legislations, policies, schemes and budgets so that governments can evaluate and make concrete schemes and priority.
    Currently, some problems have been generated when countries are putting efforts on gender mainstreaming. For instance, public servants have vague cognitive concepts and poor knowledge in this field. This situation also makes the gender concerns can’t deeply influence policies, schemes and legislations. It only appears occasionally in some processes of policies, but it can’t have comprehensive outlooks. However, it might have a window of opportunity for developing gender mainstreaming if we facilitate participatory democracy in domestic societ. In terms of domestic development, governments, experts and general public can get the opportunities of participation and dialogue via participatory democracy. It will also make the gender concerns get involved with the discussion and planning of policies.
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    Description: 博士
    國立政治大學
    國家發展研究所
    91261505
    98
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    Data Type: thesis
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