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    Title: 工業區產業再發展與創新網絡之研究-以大甲幼獅工業區為例
    The study of industry re-development of the industrial district and innovative network –take the DaJia Youth industrial district for example
    Authors: 蔡峰億
    Tsai, Feng Yi
    Contributors: 邊泰明
    蔡峰億
    Tsai, Feng Yi
    Keywords: 產業再發展
    創新網絡
    工業區
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-12-09 16:27:36 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 工業革命以來,工業區之製造業一直是台灣和各國的經濟命脈及競爭優勢所在,工業區可因應不同時期的經濟發展需求,提供各種不同類型的產業生產用地,以滿足廠商生產用地需求及加速產業發展,惟經過時間變動、全球化競爭及新產業發展,部份工業區無法再維持過去的開發目標,產生逐漸老化與轉型的需求,因此,為因應企業生產技術的創新需要,進行研究發展(R&D)便是提升並達到技術創新的主要途徑。然R&D要如何有效執行呢?根據前人研究探討,涉及不同行動者間學習與互動的「創新」活動,係維持競爭優勢及廠商存活的關鍵因素,此外,對廠商而言,「網絡」則提供了區內互動學習和知識傳遞的機會,廠商也可透過網絡的連結取得外部的資源補強本身的內在條件,以增進創新能力與成效。因此,結合創新概念與網絡架構的「創新網絡」模式,將能促使各層面行動者建構共同合作研發平台,進而達成工業區之產業再發展。
    緣此,本文即從廠商之角度,藉由問卷及深入訪談區內主領廠商之方式,試圖找出組成創新網絡結構的廠商、政府、教育機構與研究機構四個行動者間的網絡關係如何形成,並選擇97年全國二個再生示範工業區之一的台中縣「大甲幼獅工業區」為實證調查案例,期能藉之解析出引發廠商創新發明之因素及創新網絡各面向之建構方式。經實證分析後發現,對台中大甲幼獅工業區內廠商而言,影響廠商和廠商間之創新網絡建構因子為「增加外來廠商進駐工業區」;影響學術研究機構和廠商間之創新網絡建構因子為「鄰近地區大專院校畢業生技能」;影響政府和廠商間之創新網絡建構因子為「產業網絡的形成由政府主導」;影響公司內部間之創新網絡建構因子為「新產品或新製程的開發」,有關單位若能針對此四項因子進行加強改善,當能有效引導大甲幼獅工業區內廠商建構起創新網絡,進而促進產業再發展。本文實證分析之模式及方法運用過程,亦可複製套用於我國其他有再發展需求之工業區,俾提供具體建議以作為政府制定相關管理法令制度之參考。
    Since industrial revolution, the manufacturing industry of the industrial district has been Taiwan and economics lifelines and competing for advantage of various countries all the time, the economic development demand of period that but the industrial district should be different, offer the industries of different types of produce area, produce area demand and accelerate industry's developing with the satisfication manufacturer. Change, globalization competition and new industry development through time, some development goals unable to maintain in the past again of industrial district, produced the demand for wearing out and making the transition gradually. So, carry on research and develop (R&D) because of needing in conformity with the innovation of enterprise's production technology Improve and reach the main way of technological innovation. But how should R&D be carried out effectively? According to forefathers’ discussion, to refer to the interdynamic of 'Innovate' activity among the persons who involves different actions, is the key factor that competition advantage and manufacturer survive. In addition, as to manufacturer, the network has offered the chance that the interdynamic study and knowledge transmit in the district, the manufacturer can be also through linking obtaining external resources to mend strong one's own inherent terms of the network, promote innovation ability and effect. So, combine the innovative concept and network structure of innovative network way, can impel the persons who will take action of every aspect to build cooperate in researching and developing the platform together, and then reaching industry re-development of industrial district.
    Because of this, this text is from the angle of the manufacturer, by the way of deepen interview with the manufacturer in the district with the questionnaire, attempted to find out how the network relation among four actions person of manufacturer, government, educational institution and research institution who make up innovative network structure takes shape, and choose to investigate the case for the real example in Taichung – DaJia Youth industrial district, one of the two recycled demonstration industrial districts of the whole country 2008 to be issues of analysis, that can make use of what cause the factor of manufacturer to create and invent and whom innovative network’s respectively face of the way how to constructing. Find after the real example is analysed, as to DaJia Youth industrial district's manufacturer in the industrial district of Taizhong, Influence manufacturer and innovative network of manufacturer build factor of constructing is 「Increase outside manufacturer garrison in the industrial district」; Influence the innovative network among academic research institution and manufacturer to build the factor of constructing is 「Graduate's skill of universities and colleges of neighboring area」; Influence the innovative network among the government and manufacturer to build the factor of constructing is 「The forming of industry's network is by government's leading factor」;Influence innovative network of company build factor of constructing is 「The development of New products or new process」, If government concerned can strengthen improving to this four factors, it would be able to lead the manufacturer of DaJia Youth industrial district to construct innovative network effectively, and then promote the industry to re-develop. The model of real example analyses and the process of method using in this text, also can duplicate and apply in other industrial districts which have the re-development demand. In order to Offer the concrete suggestion to make the relevant reference which manage the system of the decree as the government.
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