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Title: An assessment of the strategic use of outer space among China, Russia, and the United States
An assessment of the strategic use of outer space among China, Russia, and the United States
Authors: 農凱貞
Contributors: 趙國材
農凱貞
Keywords: Space
International law
Date: 2009
Issue Date: 2011-09-29T10:57:09Z
Abstract: In 2010, with globalization, and economic integration, the world is brought even closer together by satellite technology. Satellites have revolutionized modern military operations and have become essential to ensuring national security regimes. The number of space faring nations has increased, and the US no longer holds a monopoly in space. With China’s successful ASAT test in 2007 and increasing military buildup and cooperation between China and Russia, the US must carefully develop space policies that do not appear antagonistic and unilateral in an attempt to dominate, otherwise a new cold war in space will ensue.
Already at the precipice of an all out arms race, the militarization of space has set the stage for the next phase: the weaponization of outer space. In order to prevent this, the laws of outer space should be clear and specifically dictate the rules. Unfortunately, the laws of space are outdated, vague, with marginal controls written before the technology of modern times.
The hypothesis for this thesis is based on the belief that the current treaties governing space are insufficient, and in order to preserve peace, they must evolve, along with increased international cooperation, communication, and transparency measures to prevent an all out conflict. This thesis is divided into five sections, the first of which provides an introduction and review of the existing legal system in space. This is followed by current issues and growing concerns, a summary of China, Russia and the US’s strategic capabilities, and finally the assessment of international legal regime in place to help mitigate the use of space. In order to ensure space security for all, transparent, multilateral policies should be pursued.
The militarization of space will continue until it reaches a point of confrontation. In order to preserve the peaceful use of space, arms control agreements and the existing space legislation needs to be clarified and updated. International dialogue must promote progress and advancement in shared technology, not an arms race. Through cooperation and collaborative efforts, the continued development of space can be achieved for the benefit of all.
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• UNGA Resolution 1721(XVI) of States Launching Objects into Orbit or Beyond, December 20, 1961.
• UNGA Resolution 1884(XVII) Question of General and Complete Disarmament, October17, 1963.
• UNGA Declaration of Legal Principles Governing the Activities of States in the
Exploration and Peaceful Use of Outer Space, 1962 (XVIII) December 13, 1963.
• UNGA International Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, 1963 (XVIII) December 13, 1963.
• The Principles Governing the Use by States of Artificial Earth Satellites for International Direct Television Broadcasting, UNGA Resolution 37/92 of December 10, 1982.
• The Principles Relating to Remote Sensing of the Earth from Outer Space, UNGA Resolution 41/65 of December 3, 1986.
• The Principles Relevant to the Use of Nuclear Power Sources in Outer Space, GA Resolution 47/68 of December 14, 1992.
• The Declaration on International Cooperation in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space for the Benefit and in the Interest of All States, Taking into Particular Account the Needs of Developing Countries, UNGA Resolution 51/122 of December 13, 1996.
• Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space. United Nations General Assembly Resolution: 55/32, January 2001.
Government Correspondence, Publications and Statements
• US Statement, Definition and Delimitation of Outer Space and the Character and Utilization of the Geostationary Orbit, Legal Subcommittee of the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space at its 40th Session in Vienna from April, Agenda Item 6, Statement by the Delegation of the United States of America, US Department of State.
• Statement of General Kevin P. Chilton. Commander: United States Strategic Commander, Before the Strategic Forces Subcommittee House Armed Services Committee on United States Strategic Command, February 27, 2008.
• Statement by the Chinese Delegation at the Thematic Debate on Outer Space at the First Committee of the 64th Session of the UNGA, October 20, 2009.
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
亞太研究英語碩士學位學程(IMAS)
95925038
98
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0959250381
學位論文
thesis
Appears in Collections:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 學位論文

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