English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 20 |  Items with full text/Total items : 90058/119991 (75%)
Visitors : 24104645      Online Users : 1839
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/51159


    Title: 從優選理論分析台灣閩南語的重疊構詞
    An OT Approach to Reduplication in Taiwan Southern Min
    Authors: 許淨涵
    Hsu, Ching Han
    Contributors: 蕭宇超
    Hsiao, Yuchau E.
    許淨涵
    Hsu, Ching Han
    Keywords: 優選理論
    音韻共存理論
    重疊詞
    重音
    概括對整制約
    忠實對應制約
    Optimality Theory
    Cophonology
    Reduplicant
    Stress
    Generalized Alignment Constraint
    Anchoring Constraint
    Date: 2010
    Issue Date: 2011-10-05 14:25:47 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文以優選理論為框架探討閩南語三字組及四字組重疊構詞,三字組及四字組重疊構詞可分成完全重疊與部分重疊,重疊詞要緊鄰其對應詞基越好,此外,對於四字組部分重疊構詞有對整方向不一致的體現,筆者認為不同的制約排序會產生不同的重疊規則,並採用音韻共存理論(Cophonology Theory)來解釋閩南語多元的重疊構詞策略是由多個次語法運作的結果。在三字組重疊構詞,根據句法結構判斷主重音的位置,主重音的分佈影響重疊的規則,但有語意強調某成份時,主重音會轉移且會使原成份之本調喪失變成輕聲,有主重音的音節才可進行重疊構詞,同時,重疊詞要越緊鄰其對應詞基。在四字組完全重疊構詞,語義的強調與弱化影響詞基音節以及音步的重疊運作,音節與音步制約層級不同可解釋不同的重疊規則;在四字組部分重疊構詞,不同於過去研究以單一方向對整制約論證,筆者提出雙向的對整制約來解釋四字組部分重疊構詞。簡言之,本篇論文藉由優選理論的觀點,首度就閩南語重疊構詞提出一個整體分析。
    This thesis examines the derivation of the reduplication in Taiwan Southern Min under the framework of Optimality Theory. Reduplication can be divided into two categories. One is trisyllabic reduplication and the other is quadrisyllabic reduplication. Besides, each type of the trisyllabic and quadrisyllabic reduplication has both partial and full reduplication. This thesis adopts Cophonology Theory to account for the subgrammar of the divergent reduplications. Based on Locality Generalization, the reduplicant should be adjacent to its corresponding base. In trisyllabic reduplication, from the perspective of syntactic relation, stress affects the derivation of the reduplication. The primary stressed syllable is the only syllable which can be reduplicated. This thesis proposes constraint *RED(W) to require this condition. In quadrisyllabic reduplication, given the base is disyllable AB, semantic weakness and stress closely relate to the full reduplication AABB and ABAB. The different ranking of the Adjacency-BR-by-syllable and Adjacency-BR-by-foot explains the full reduplication. In quadrisyllabic partial reduplication, this thesis proposes the different edges alignment constraint Align(RED, R; Rightmost Monosyllabic Morpheme, L) and Align(RED, L; Leftmost Monosyllabic Morpheme, R) to explain ABAC and ACBC, respectively. In summary, based on the constraint-based theory, and the interaction of Nonhead stress, Focal stress, *RED(W), alignment, anchoring, adjacency, and contiguity constraint, this thesis has given a general explanation of the reduplication in Taiwan Southern Min.
    Reference: Anttila, A. and Y.-m. Y. Cho. 1998. Variation and change in optimality theory. Lingua 104: 31-56.
    Bonet, Eulàlia and Lloret, Maria-Rosa. More on Alignment as an alternative to domains: The syllabification of Catalan clitics”. Probus 17:1. 37-78
    Chen, M.Y. 1987. The syntax of Xiamen tone sandhi. Phonology Yearbook 4, 109-149.
    Cheng, R. L. 1985. A comparison of Taiwanese, Taiwan Mandrain, and Peking Mandarin. Languag 61:352-377.
    Cheng, R. L. 1987. Vivid reduplication in Mandarin and Taiwanese. In Bramkamp, A. G. et al (eds.) Chinese-Western Encounter:Studies in Linguistics & Literature. 113-125. Taipei:Chinese Materials Center Publications.
    Cheng, R. L. 1994b “Lexical Diffusion in Syntactic Change—The Case of Taiwanese Aspect and Phase Markers” Papers in Honor of William S-Y Wang. ed. by M. Chen and O. Tseng 87-103.
    Cheng, R. L. 1997. Taiwanese and Mandarin Structures and Their Developmental Trends in Taiwan. Yuan-liou Publishing Co.,LTD
    Chiang, Wen-yu. 1992. The Prosodic Morphology and Phonology of Affixation in Taiwanese and Other Chinese Languages. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Delaware. Ann Arbor, UMI.
    Duanmu, S. 1990. A formal study of syllable, tone, stress and domain in Chinese languages. Doctoral dissertation, MIT, Cambridge, Mass.
    Halle, M. & J.-R. Vergnaud. 1987. A Essay on Stress, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Halle, M. 1989. The intrinsic structure of speech sounds. Paper presented at Conference on Features and Underspecification Theories, October 7-9, MIT.
    Lu, B.-F., and S. Duanmu, 2002. Rhythm and syntax in Chinese: A case study. Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association. 37.2: 123-136.
    Inkelas, Sharon. 2008. The dual theory of reduplication. Linguistics 46: 351-401.
    Inkelas, Sharon & Zoll, Cheryl. 2005.Reduplication: doubling in morphology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Inkelas, Sharon & Zoll, Cheryl. 2007. Is grammar dependence real? A comparison between cophonological and indexed constraint approaches to morphologically conditioned phonology. Linguistics 45:133–171.
    Katamba, Francis. 1993. Morphology. Houndmills: Macmillan.
    Kager. René. 1999. Optimality Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Labrune, Laurence. 2002. The prosodic structure of simple abbreviated loanwords in Japanese: a constraint-based account. Journal of the Phonetic Society of Japan, vol. 6:1, 98-120.
    Lunden, S. L. Anya. 2004. Reduplicant Placement, Anchoring and Locality. ROA-885, 1~57.
    McCarthy, John J. and Alan Prince. 1993a. Generalized Alignment. In Yearbook of Morphology, ed. G.E. Booij and J. van Marle, 79-153. Kluwer.
    McCarthy, Johm j. and Alan Prince. 1993b. Prosodic Morphology I:constraint interaction and satisfaction. Technical Reports of Rutgers University Center for Cognitive Science, no.3.
    McCarthy, John J. and Alan Prince. 1995. Prosodic Morphology. In The Handbook of Phonological Theory, ed. Goldsmith et al., 318-366. Blackwell. Non Vidi.
    McCarthy, John J. and Alan Prince. 1995. Faithfulness and reduplicative identity. University of Massachusetts Occasional Chapters in Linguistics UMOP 18, eds. By Jill Bechman et al,. 249-384. Amherst Mass.: Graduate Linguistic Student Association.
    McCarthy, John J. 2008. Doing Optimality Theory: Applying Theory to Data. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Nelson, Nicole Alice. 2003. Asymmetric Anchoring. Ph.D. Dissertation, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey.
    Nespor, Marina and Irene Vogel. 1986. Prosodic Phonology. Dordrecht: Foris Publication.
    Orgun, Cemil Orhan. 1996. Sign-based morphology and phonology:With special attention to optimality theory. Berkeley, CA:University of California P
    Ou, Shu-chen. 1996. A Prosodic-Theoretic Approach to Southern Min Special Tone Sandhi. MA Thesis. National Chengchi University.
    Prince, Alan S. and Paul Smolensky. 1993/2004. Optimality Theory: Constraint Interaction in Generative Grammar. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Qu, Y. F. 1995. Adjective reduplications in Fuchou:A morpho-phonological analysis. Journal of East Asian Linguistics. 4:1-27.
    Selkirk, Elisabeth. 1984. Phonology and Syntax: The Relation Between Sound and Structure. The MIT Press.
    王希杰. 1991. 論雙音節動詞的重疊性及其語用制約性. 《中國語文》6:425-430。
    徐淑娟. 2008. 台灣閩南語重疊式形容詞之結構分析及其變調研究. 新竹教育大
    學人文社會學報創刊號:27-48
    陳重瑜. 1984. 輕聲的音位結構與輕聲詞的標準. 第一屆世界華語文教學研討會論文集 327-339. 台北:中央研究院歷史語言研究所。
    黃宣範. 1988. 台灣話構詞論. 鄭良偉,黃宣範(編). 121-127. 現代台灣話研究論文集. 台北:文鶴出版有限公司。
    楊秀芳. 1992. 台灣閩南語語法初稿. 台北:大安出版社。
    鄭良偉. 1988. 台灣話動詞重疊式的語意與語法特點. 《中國語文》207:439-444。
    鄭謝淑娟. 1981. 台灣福建話形容詞的研究. 台北:學生書局。
    鄭縈. 1995. 閩南語形容詞重疊式的一些特點與及其意義. 曹逢甫,蔡美慧(編). 第一屆台灣語言國際研討會論文選集. 283-312. 台北:文鶴出版有限公司。
    盧廣誠. 1999. 台灣閩南語詞彙研究. 台北市:南天書局。
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    語言學研究所
    97555005
    99
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0097555005
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[語言學研究所] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    500501.pdf1336KbAdobe PDF1381View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback