研究計畫英文摘要 In recent years, the studies of Confucian political philosophy seems to be detached from the simplified dichotomy between pro-Confucianism and anti-Confucianism, which had been prevailing for a long time since late Qing through May Fourth Movement. The scholars paid more attention to the complex relationships between Confucianism and modern society, and further, made an effort to reconcile Confucian political values with modern society through the so-called “creative transformation”. From this perspective, how to reconcile Confucianism with the major modern political values, such as constitutional democracy, human rights, rule of law, market mechanism and distributive justice and so on seems to become the new highlights gradually in the late Confucianism studies. In this project, I would like to focus on the issue whether it is possible to search for the resources of the principle of rule of law in Confucianism. Admittedly, instead of “rule of law”, the ideal state is “rule of sage-king” in traditional Confucian political philosophy. Nevertheless, the point is whether we can also seek the resources for the principle of rule of universal law in Confucianism through the creative interpretations. Just as we know, Confucianism consists of several schools for its development over two thousand years. In some of my papers, I initiated the study and indicated it seems to be possible for seeking the resources of the principle of rule of universal law in idealistic Confucian tradition (hsin-hsueh). Of course, it is just a tentative study initially. In this research, through the comparative studies with modern Western philosophical justifications for the principle of rule of law, I would further the deeper explorations to inquire into the possibilities of rule of universal law in Confucian tradition, especially Sung-Ming and contemporary neo-Confucianism, and to display the significance of Confucian political philosophy in modern age.