本研究計畫旨在分析和比較台灣纏足解放運動歷程裡的兩個發展階段──「天然足會時期」(1900-1903)與「解纏會時期」(1911-1915) ── 以發掘其中的歷史社會學意含。相較於天然足會時期，解纏會時期的團體組成及相關活動，具有若干新的特質：(1) 天然足會時期志在「天足」觀念的宣揚，基本上是以未纏的下一代為對象；解纏會時期則重在實踐「解纏」，希望一舉解除已纏婦女的裹腳布。就此而言，前者與晚清中國的「不纏足會」和「天足會」相仿，後者則與民國時期強調「放足」的官方和半官方團體類似。(2) 天然足會時期自始至終都是男人的舞台；在解纏會時期，包括菁英婦女們的組織動員、意見交換，以及關於解纏前後的身體操演，則都成為女性專擅的項目，男性則逐漸在纏足議題上隱身於後台。(3) 相較於天然足會時期，解纏會時期的本土菁英做為一個整體，呈現了明顯的複式動員，不論是解纏剪辮等傳統文化實踐，全都被整合到所謂的風俗改良運動議程之中，並反映了當時社會在文化認同的多重化、社會控制的個體化，以及身體政治的社區化等向度上所發生的歷史變化。 This research project aims to explore the historical sociological implications of the process whereby the anti-footbinding movement in colonial Taiwan developed from the period of “the Natural Feet Societies” (NFSs, tianranzu huis, 1900-1903) to the period of “the Footbinding Liberation Societies” (FLSs, jiechan huis, 1911-1915). Generally speaking, three new characteristics can be noted. First, while the NFSs emphasized in the ides of the natural body for little girls, the FLSs asked most of footbound women to unbind their feet immediately. Second, while the NFSs remained a men’s movement, it seems that women of elite classes began to stand on the stage and more or less “opened up” a space for public participation during the period of the FLSs. Third, compared to the activists of the NFSs, native elites as a whole were more successfully motivated and mobilized for the FLSs. Based on these observations, this research will examine and discuss several tendencies that became more identifiable in the period of the FLSs, including: (1) a new, multiple-dimensioned cultural identity was formed; (2) social control, both from the colonial state and from the native elites, over the private body became more noticeable; (3) the body politics exemplified by the FLSs became more localized and ritualized; and (4) elite women began to expect themselves and to be expected by their husbands to play a significant role in the public sphere. An attempt to find out the differences between the anti-footbinding movement in Taiwan and the anti-footbinding campaign in Shanxi under Yan Xishan’s governance, since both can be viewed as under a relatively stable and strong state regime, will be highlighted in this research as well.