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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/52372


    Title: 地理鄰近性、研發組織網絡與廠商知識傳遞之研究
    Other Titles: A Studyt of Geographical Proximity, R& Organisational Network Managing and Knowledge Transmitting
    Authors: 邊泰明
    Contributors: 行政院國家科學委員會
    國立政治大學地政學系
    Keywords: 地理鄰近性;知識傳遞;研發網絡
    geographical proximity;knowledge transmitting;networks
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2012-01-02 10:01:59 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 知識經濟時代中,經由知識的創造、傳遞與應用獲得創新的知識和技術,對於產業競爭力的提升具有關鍵影響力。產業的知識創新存在著地理鄰近性與參與網絡組織兩個主要路徑。前者的作用在於縮短空間距離,降低知識創新來源的成本支出,後者則因為參與網絡組織,而受惠於其他成員的互補性、關係距離與信任感,故而影響彼此的知識交換,促進知識的創新。然而,產業的知識創新一旦同時考量地理鄰近性與網絡組織的影響時,是否會影響知識傳遞的模式,為本研究之目的。生物科技產業擁有知識密集、產學互動關係密切、重視創新研發活動的特性,與本研究關注知識創新活動相符,不僅是全球大力投入的新興高科技產業,同時也被定位成國家競爭力的新指標,本文以生物科技產業為對象,從創新系統脈絡所提及的地理鄰近性和網絡關係切入,透過系統分析(SEM)方式建構出生技產業中創新系統行動者的知識傳遞路徑模型,同時考量地理鄰近性與網絡因素前提下,兩者對於知識傳遞路徑的影響程度及其所產生直接或間接的影響,並分析地理鄰近性和網絡關係間是否可能存有互補或替代關係。有鑑於此,本計畫以二年期間進行上述議題之研究,第一年計畫中,以創新系統理論及知識傳遞相關研究為主,對於知識生產、傳遞及運用等相關影響理論進行探討,並加入網絡、地理鄰近性之相關理論文獻,建立知識傳遞實證模型,透過問卷調查方式,繪製廠商知識傳遞路徑圖。第二年計畫則在第一年的研究結果上,分析廠商研發組織網絡在知識傳遞路徑上所扮演的角色,了解不同的傳遞路徑,其研發組織網絡形態是否有所差異,最後在區域創新系統下,就地理鄰近性及研發組織網絡對廠商知識傳遞之影響進行综合分析,最後提出本研究之建議。
    In an era of knowledge economy, the innovative technology and knowledge acquired through the creation, transfer and application of information is a crucial constituent that helps to upgrade the industrial competitiveness. Geographic proximity and network connection are considered the two main methods to stimulate innovation of industrial knowledge. The former can reduce the cost of knowledge innovation by shortening the transactional and communication distance, and the latter can accelerate knowledge innovation by creating an atmosphere where participants are close, complementary and able to construct an information flow. In this study, we discover whether the relative influences of geographic proximity and network connection will change knowledge transmission models is one of the main focuses. With the characteristics of knowledge-intensive and the demand of industry-academia interaction, innovation and R&D activities, biotechnology industry becomes an ideal research object for this study. Biotechnology industry is not only the world's great investment in the emerging high-tech industries, but also positioned as the country's competitiveness new indicators. Based on the concept of geographic proximity and network connection, this study use the SEM approach to identify the knowledge transmission path model of key actors in biotech industry. This study also examines the influence level, causal relation and complementary/alternative relations of geographic proximity, network connection and the interaction of the two factors. Therefore, the plan is to conduct a two-year research on the above topic. The work during the first year of the research would be focused on the theory of the innovation system and knowledge transmitting studies. Creation, transmission and applications of other correlated relevant theories would be discussed, and then with additional theories from other studies on network and geographical proximity, the evidence model of knowledge transmitting is constructed. Also, mapping out the chart of how knowledge is transmitted through businesses by conducting a survey. The plan for the second year would be based on the findings of the research from the first year, analyzing the role of research and development network of the businesses have in the knowledge transmitting chart; understanding whether or not the variance in transmitting charts are the results of different R&D networks. At last, a comprehensive analysis will be made on the influence of geographical proximity and R&D network might have on the knowledge transmitting process, and then provide suggestions due to the results of this study
    Relation: 基礎研究
    學術補助
    研究期間:9808~ 9907
    研究經費:460仟元
    Source URI: http://grbsearch.stpi.narl.org.tw/GRB/result.jsp?id=1539703&plan_no=NSC98-2410-H004-145-SSS&plan_year=98&projkey=PF9807-2654&target=plan&highStr=*&check=0&pnchDesc=%E5%9C%B0%E7%90%86%E9%84%B0%E8%BF%91%E6%80%A7%E3%80%81%E7%A0%94%E7%99%BC%E7%B5%84%E7%B9%94%E7%B6%B2%E7%B5%A1%E8%88%87%E5%BB%A0%E5%95%86%E7%9F%A5%E8%AD%98%E5%82%B3%E9%81%9E%E4%B9%8B%E7%A0%94%E7%A9%B6
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[地政學系] 國科會研究計畫

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