本計畫旨在以認知訪談的方法來訪問台灣一般民眾，一方面釐清在台灣政治學界常被使用的幾個主要概念，包括國家認同，政黨認同，台灣人認同/中國人認同，與統獨態度等，在民眾中存在的情形。另一方面則希望從受訪者中，尋找這些認同間彼此關連的類型。本研究從其他電話訪問案的受訪者中，徵詢居住在台北地區的受訪者到政大接受平均約一百分鐘的訪問。根據五十個成功訪問的資料，我們確定了：台灣民眾的國家認同相當多樣。在「純台灣本土認同」與台灣與中國大陸一體的「大中國認同」間，還有其他因為文化因素、經濟現實因素、政治現實因素所影響的「混合認同」。對政黨的認同則與一般人所認知的「泛藍」「泛綠」相當一致。這可能意味者台灣兩黨體制隱然成行。台灣民眾政治認同的形成大體上是政治社會化的結果。大部分人的認同與其家庭的關連密切。不過其他社會化機構的影響也是明顯可見的。而近年來台灣政治經濟環境的變遷，也開始影響民眾的認同。我們不只看到年輕一代與年長一代的差異，我們也看到民眾在環境變動中，跟隨的認同改變。 This research aims at clarifying the meaning of some concepts often used by political scientists in Taiwan. By "clarifying" we mean that we intend to investigate how Taiwan public identify to the country and political parties. The method we used in this research is cognitive interview. We select our respondents from other telephone interview projects by asking Taipei area (including the Taipei City and urban area of the Taipei County) respondents if they would like to be interviewed in this project. Each respondent was interviewed for about 100 minutes on questions related to national identity, Taiwanese identity, Chinese identity, unification/independence attitude, and party identification. Our investigation confirms that national identity in Taiwan is very diversified. Between the two extremes, i.e. the "pure Taiwan identifier" and the "Unified-China identifier," there are other varieties of "mixed identifier" due to the respondents' perception of significance of culture, economic benefits, or political facts. As to party identification, the "green wing" and "blue wing" parties are the two major camps found among our respondents. We suspect that this might be a sign that Taiwan is on its road to a stable two-party system. Taiwan public's identity to the country and political parties are results of political socialization. Politically, most of our respondents reveal an evident association with their families. However, the impact by other socialization agents are founded. New political and economic environments, including the Democratic Progressive Party replacing the Kuomintang and the declining Taiwan economy caused change of identity on aggregate level and individual level as well.