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    题名: 什麼是言論自由:一個超薄理論
    What Is the Right to Free Speech:A Thin Theory
    作者: 鄭光明
    Cheng, Kuang-ming
    贡献者: 政大哲學系
    关键词: 言論自由;藍騰;格林;約克森;言論自由的超薄理論
    freedom of speech;Rae Langton;Leslie Green;Daniel Jacobson;the thin theory of free speech
    日期: 2010-09
    上传时间: 2012-09-04 10:21:51 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 什麼是言論自由?為了反對色情,女性主義者藍騰曾主張「言論自由」:1. 必須「不只是言詞而已」;2. 還必須是「可以拿話做事的自由」。本文擬針對主張1深入討論。我們要問:主張1能夠成立嗎?格林認為答案是否定的,而約克森更認為藍騰的主張「甚至超出了言論自由的極端捍衛者所曾試著捍衛的界限」。本文擬一方面評判藍騰的言論自由觀是否能夠成立,另一方面則間接回答「什麼是言論自由」。本文將指出:藍騰的言論自由觀有流於「言論自由的厚理論」之虞,因此是不能成立的。為此,本文將主張一種最低限度的言論自由觀,並稱之為言論自由的「毒舌鉤理論」或「超薄理論」。
    A famous anti-pornography feminist, Rae Langton argues that pornography silences the voices of women by preventing them from taking effective action with their words. Therefore, pornography vio-lates the civil rights and freedom of speech of women, and should not be allowed. The right to free speech embodied in Langton’s view would be “more than words.” But the right to free speech Langton advocates would be a “positive” right, and likely a richer one than liberals would accept. In what follows, I will argue that the right to free speech should be a minimal one that does not require an audience to have the capacity to comprehend what speakers say. One way of expressing the right to free speech, in the familiar liberal language of negative rights, is that were speakers to speak, and were the audience to want to hear the idea the speaker expresses, there would be no agent preventing speakers from communicating. An audience cannot be forced to learn a language or employ a translator, according to this conception, but they are not permitted to disable the megaphone pro-vided for the speaker. Therefore, there are powerful liberal reasons for thinking that the right to free speech should be “more than sounds” but “less than words.”
    關聯: 歐美研究, 40(3), 715-777
    数据类型: article
    显示于类别:[哲學系] 期刊論文

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