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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/53960


    Title: 臺灣地區第二次產業創新活動調查研究---臺灣地區第二次產業創新活動調查研究-規劃研究計畫
    Other Titles: The Planning Study Foor the Second Industrial Innocation Survey in Taiwan Area
    Authors: 吳思華;鄭宇庭
    Contributors: 國立政治大學科技管理研究所
    行政院國家科學委員會
    Keywords: 產業創新
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2012-10-24 09:26:54 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本計畫是政治大學在2007 年受國科會委託所進行的台灣產業創新動態調查研究計畫。為便於進行國際比較,本研究依據歐洲第四次創新調查(Community Innovation Survey,CIS4)的規格來設計問卷以及抽樣調查的方法,分層隨機抽樣調查全台灣10017 家廠商(製造業及服務業各半)來進行台灣產業創新行為之分析, 目的是以實證資料來具體描繪台灣的國家創新系統。本研究發現(1)台灣廠商的規模越大,越容易進行各種類型的創新,但是創新的傾向會有邊際遞減(呈倒U 形曲線)的現象; (2)市場範圍越大,進行各類型創新的傾向越高;(3)新設立公司的創新傾向普遍較低; (4)各類型創新皆具有互補關係,可見公司創新是為了完全解決問題,故通常會同時進行各類型創新,惟各類型創新間互補程度不同。本研究也發現會創新的廠商也會進行各種類型的技術合作創新, 這種產官學研之間的連結是國家創新系統最關鍵的架構。本研究發現台灣的國家創新系統是雙核心系統。主要核心的產業內上下游之間的合作研發,這顯示台灣產業網絡的創新活力。第二個核心則是產學與產研的合作研發。政府的補助會引導廠商與大學、研究機構以及競爭者一起合作創新,是連結這兩個核心的關鍵力量。
    In 2007, the National Science Council of Taiwan entrusted the Institute of Technologyand Innovation Management at National Chengchi University to coordinate acommunity innovation survey of Taiwan, TIS (2004-2006). To conduct theinternational comparison, the Institute adopted a questionnaire and samplingprocedures similar to the fourth edition of the Community Innovation Survey(CIS-IV). This research project establishes a framework to discover the empiricalcharacteristics of Taiwan Innovation System. R&D cooperation among industries,universities and research institutes is the central activity of the National InnovationSystem (NIS). This study explores the determinants for an innovative firm to engagein R&D cooperation with five types of partners: suppliers, customers, competitors,universities and research institutes, and identifies the correlations (orcomplementarities) between these five types of R&D cooperation.We find that: (1) large service firms have higher propensity to innovate but withdecreasing margin (inverse-U function); (2) firms with larger market range havehigher propensity to innovate; (3) newly established firms have fewer propensities toinnovate; (4) different types of innovations (product innovation, process innovation,marketing innovation, and organizational innovation) are complementary to eachother.We also find that the NIS of Taiwan consists of two cores with weakconnections. The first core is R&D cooperation within industry (competitors,suppliers, customers); the second core is R&D cooperation with universities andinstitutions. Government intervention (R&D subsidy) to connect the two coresthrough cooperation with competitors and institutions may indicate industrial networkvitality of Taiwanese firms and the importance of public policy in the TaiwanInnovation System.
    Relation: 應用研究
    學術補助
    研究期間:9701~ 9712
    研究經費:2729仟元
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[科技管理研究所] 國科會研究計畫

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