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    Title: 中國大陸財政地方分權對各省市地區房地產價格的影響
    The influence of fiscal decentralization on the real estate price in China
    Authors: 林婷婷
    Lin, Ting Ting
    Contributors: 黃智聰
    林婷婷
    Lin, Ting Ting
    Keywords: 財政地方分權
    房地產價格
    雙因子固定效果模型
    Fiscal decentralization
    Real estate price
    Two-way fixed effects model
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-10-30 10:46:56 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 近年來,隨著中國大陸經濟快速的成長,中國大陸房地產市場也隨之蓬勃發展,然而,近期中國大陸房地產價格的節節高漲,產生了房地產過熱的警訊,而區域間房地產價格的差異與不均,也成為各地區經濟發展的重要阻礙。所以,如何合理的調控房地產價格,使房地產市場能穩定成長並與經濟發展相輔相成,成為中國大陸中央政府必須持續關注與適時妥善處理的問題。
    本文運用1999年至2010年中國大陸31個省市地區商品房平均銷售價格和影響房價的經濟相關變數的追蹤資料,運用雙因子固定效果模型進行實證研究。研究結果發現:中國大陸各地區財政分權程度對各地區房地產價格為非線性的關係,呈現U型的曲線。意即,存在一個財政分權的臨界值可以使房價達到最小的情況。建議中央政府應透過調整各地區的財政分權程度,來避免因財政分權不均而產生財政資源不均問題,造成房地產價格的波動。並加強對地方政府的財政預算與財政收入的監督與管制,以抑止「土地財政」的行為。
    With the economic growth, the real estate market is booming in China recently. But the overheating real estate price and the difference of real estate price between region and region become the important impediment to regional economic development in China. Therefore, the central government how to control the real estate price is an immense problem.
    By using the panel data of average selling price of commercialize buildings and the economic variables of 31cities in China between 1999 and 2010, the study uses two-way fixed effects model to investigate the effect of fiscal decentralization on the real estate price in China.
    The empirical analysis’ result shows that the fiscal decentralization provides a non-linear effect on the real estate price, it presents the U-shaped curve. In other words, there are a degree of fiscal decentralization can make the real estate price to reach the minimum. According to results, we propose to take some policies. The central government should adjust the degree of fiscal decentralization in each region, in order to avoid the local government financial problem to lead to rise the real estate price.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    財政研究所
    99255028
    100
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0099255028
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[財政學系] 學位論文

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