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    Title: 以景觀指數探討台北都會區綠地變遷趨勢之研究
    A study using landscape metrics to investigate the green space change trend in Taipei metropolitan area
    Authors: 蔡杰廷
    Tsai, Chieh Ting
    Contributors: 劉小蘭
    Liu, Hsiao Lan
    蔡杰廷
    Tsai, Chieh Ting
    Keywords: 都市綠地
    土地利用變遷
    景觀指數
    二元羅吉斯迴歸
    Urban green space
    Land use change
    Landscape metrics
    Binary logistic regression
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-10-30 14:26:36 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 永續發展的概念現今已被運用於都市,其中,都市綠地在環境、生態、景觀、社會各層面之機能皆可提升都市永續性,在快速的都市化下,都市內綠地減少,土地利用變遷帶來之環境衝擊影響已自個體單元累積到全球。然而,過去研究中未有關注在綠地的變化趨勢與其他土地利用間的互動關係,以及在不同區域下的變化差異。因此,本研究採用GIS和景觀指數看在1995年至2006年間台北都會區綠地變遷趨勢,並分區探討土地利用間的互動關係,最後藉由二元羅吉斯迴歸分析綠地變化可能原因。
    研究結果顯示,在1995年至2006年間,台北都會區整體發展是建地增加,林地也呈上升趨勢,而草地是土地利用轉移下被犧牲掉最多的土地,綠地轉移成其他土地利用情形以都會邊緣地區最嚴重。不同綠地型態在1995年至2006年間的變遷仍有差異,林地在整個台北都會區屬於景觀中的基質,主導性未受動搖,僅在都會中心減少並受破壞;而農地面積略微下降,呈破碎化發展,尤其以都會中心外圍區農地被破壞情形最明顯;草地面積亦下降,破碎化情形較農地更嚴重,在都會郊區、次中心之草地被破壞嚴重,草地各方面機能降低。透過二元羅吉斯迴歸分析發現自然環境、社會經濟與計畫環境皆影響台北都會區的綠地變遷。根據研究結果,建議未來政府於都市計畫上應將綠地空間納入考量,對於不同綠地型態應有不同管制措施,考量各區域綠地型態之差異性,以及自然環境、社會經濟和計畫環境對於綠地變遷的影響,以促進都市朝向永續發展。
    The concept of sustainable development has been applied in cities. Urban green space plays an important role in enhancing the sustainability of the city in regards to the environment, ecology, landscape and society aspects. Under rapid urbanization, green space has greatly declined in cities. Environmental impact resulting from land use change has grown from local to global proportions. However, researches did not pay attention to interactions between green spaces and other land-use change trends or different types of change in different areas. This research used GIS and landscape metrics to investigate the green space change trend and interactions among different land use types in the Taipei metropolitan area from 1995 to 2006. Furthermore, this research analyzed possible reasons that may have caused green space change through logistic regression.
    The results showed that, from 1995 to 2006, the built up area and the forest increased in Taipei Metropolitan Area; however, the grass decreased because of land use change. Urban fringe was the place that green space changed to other land-use most. There were differences of land use change for different types of green space. Forest was the matrix in the landscape of Taipei metropolitan area. It still kept the predominant role, only decreased and was destroyed in the center of metropolitan area. Farmland slightly decreased and became fragmented, especially in the periphery of the urban center. Grassland area decreased and became fragmented much more than farmland. In suburb and sub-center, grassland was destroyed seriously and became less functional. Through binary logistic regression, the study found that natural environment, socio-economic and government planning do have influence on green space changes in the Taipei metropolitan area. According to the result of the study, the recommendation was that government should take green space into consideration when doing urban planning. For different types of green space and different areas, the government needs to have different measures and needs to consider the impact factors of green space change in order to accelerate sustainable development in cities.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    地政研究所
    98257010
    100
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0098257010
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[地政學系] 學位論文

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