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    Title: 面板產業以合資公司模式進入歐洲市場的經營策略
    Business strategy of joint venture for TFT LCD maker to enter European market
    Authors: 許志銘
    Hsu, Chih Ming
    Contributors: 李易諭
    Lee, Y.Y.
    許志銘
    Hsu, Chih Ming
    Keywords: 電視機
    液晶面板
    賽局理論
    合資公司
    歐洲市場
    個案研究
    TV
    LCD panel
    Game Theory
    Joint venture
    European market
    Case study
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-10-30 15:19:54 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 電視機產業的發展在全世界各個國家區域,與媒體及通訊業者之間乃是息息相關,除了涉及社會安全與播放頻道管理等敏感問題外,背後還牽涉龐大無限的商業利益;而液晶面板向來皆是電視與顯示器產業發展的重要元件之一,由於涉及複雜的光電科技以及綿密之上、下游供應鏈,其所帶動所屬相關的產業與經濟發展之價值,一直都是名列於日本、韓國、台灣、中國等國家之重點培植項目。
    自2006年開始,歐洲市場已經超越北美、並成為全球電視機的第一大銷售市場,全球主要的品牌都投入重兵、深度耕耘歐洲市場,尤其是日本與韓國品牌;對照韓國廠商在歐洲地區已有之深度垂直整合的供應鏈,以及已達經濟規模的生產、運籌基礎,日本與歐洲品牌則必須完全仰賴歐洲區域內或是遠從亞洲的韓國及台灣供應鏈廠商,否則難以在歐洲市場中立足。
    本研究經由相關文獻探討後,以賽局理論架構來分析研究個案企業B公司,與母公司從「策略結盟」、「合資公司經營模式」、「客戶關係與利益」等角度,探討所經歷之資源重整、經營創新、暨競爭又合作的多重關係;同時本研究亦採用個案研究法深入訪談相關之高階主管,以了解其實務作為與成效。
    由個案分析與研究發現,得出研究結論如下:
    1.兩家母公司T公司與A公司在參賽者的價值網關係中,彼此對於歐洲市場的互補加乘之綜效是最大的;同時若對特定之歐洲及日本品牌客戶而言,合資成立的B公司正好可以提供這些品牌客戶之最佳服務價值,並更強化這些客戶與兩家母公司的經營合作關係。
    2.個案B公司在兩家母公司之加持及協助下,就附加價值的速度、成本、品質及與客戶關係等方面,的確有效地幫助歐洲及日本品牌客戶穩固、提昇其在歐洲市場的市佔率。
    3.兩家母公司在市場、客戶及供應商規則的挑戰與反應,對於合資成立的個案B公司提供最即時與最有效的奧援,讓個案B公司能夠穩健地發展出適合市場、符合客戶需求之經營模式。
    4.兩家母公司在客戶及供應商戰術的指導與支援,對於合資成立的個案B公司亦提供最符合客戶需求的價值,除了提供一站購足的整合服務外,還可以幫助歐洲及日本客戶避免完全被韓國供應鏈所挾持。
    5.由於兩家母公司在個案B公司合資成立之初,對於其B公司經營目標的賽局範圍定義便早已形成共識,所以無論是客戶之選定、產品與技術之發展以及資金與人材的支援等,B公司都能依據歐洲市場的發展趨勢,按部就班地耕耘與發展。
    6.個案B公司在成立時之組織設計與重要職務的安排,兩家母公司便已排除己私之小利,同時周延地考量何者模式是對於個案公司的經營是最適切,所以讓經營團隊能夠密切、順利地經歷磨合期,並領導公司的營運達成目標。
    TV industry in countries around the world regions is closely related with huge unlimited commercial interests involved between the media and communications behind, in addition to involving the Social Security and the play channel management, and other sensitive issues, driven by the TV-industrial development opportunities is also important to Governments; LCD panel has always been one of the components important to the development of TV and display industries, as it involves complex electro-optical technology and dense above, the downstream supply chain, they led their respective related value of the industrial and economic development have always been ranked in the focus of Japan, Korea, Taiwan, China to cultivate the project.
    Since 2006, the European market has gone beyond North America, and become the biggest TV market in the world, the world's leading brands have invested heavily with depth of plowing to European market, especially Japanese and Korean brands; South Korean companies in Europe has been working on deeply vertical integration of supply chains, and has reached economic scale of production and logistics base; Japanese and European brands must be totally dependent on local supply chains in Europe or far away from Asian vendors, otherwise it is difficult to secure their market shares in Europe.
    With through literature review, this study has adopted the game theoretical framework to analyze the case of B Company and its parent companies. From the perspectives of strategic alliance, joint venture business model, customer relationships and interests, this study explores the experience re-engineering, business innovation, cum multiple relationships between competition and cooperation. Furthermore, this study has used the case study method to do in-depth interviews with relevant executives to understand their substantive acts and effectiveness.
    By case analysis and research findings, this study draws conclusions as following:
    1.The value of participants' gateway system to parent companies T and A makes the largest multiply synergy of complementation with each other for European market. To the specific European and Japanese brands customers, joint venture case B can provide the best service value to these brands.
    2.Under the assistances of two parent companies, B Company’s added value of the speed, cost, quality and customer relations is indeed effective in helping European and Japanese brands to enhance their market shares in Europe.
    3.As to the rules of the market, customers and suppliers, two parent companies do provide the most immediate and effective support to B Company on steady marketing development to meet customers’ demands.
    4.Regarding the tactical guidance and support of customers and suppliers, two parent companies also provide the best assistances to B Company and meet customers’ needs and values.
    5.With mutual consensuses of the game scope definition by two parent companies in the beginning of joint venture established, B Company is able to step by step develop its business objectives based on market trends in Europe such as customer selection, product and technology development, financial and human resources planning.
    6.In the beginning of B Company established, two parent companies had comprehensive consideration about what the most appropriate model of organizational design and role assignment of important duties to B Company is. So during run-in period, the management team of B Company can easily get a close and smooth result, and achieve the successful business goals.
    Reference: 一、中文部分(依第一作者筆畫順序)
    1.司徒達賢 (2005),策略管理新論--觀念架構與分析方法,台北: 智勝文化事業。
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    3.吳思華 (2000),策略九說--策略思考的本質,台北: 臉譜文化出版。
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    5.洪偉峻 (2004),母公司間之互動關係對國際合資事業績效影響之探討,銘傳大學國際企業學系碩士論文。
    6.張可盈 (2003年03月),高科技廠商策略聯盟之探討-生物技術廠商,亞太經濟管理評論,第 6卷(第2期),pp. 35-57。
    7.黃美娟、黃蘭鍈 (2008),以交易成本理論及資源依賴理論探討合資企業的信賴威脅與報酬之關係,2008台灣科技大學管理新思維學術研討會, 台北: 台灣科技大學。

    二、英文部分(依第一作者字母順序)
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    三、網站部分
    1.潘素卿(2010年3月12日),友達、冠捷攜手波蘭設電視模組及整機代工廠,取自 DIGITIMES中文網,登錄時間:2012年04月04日,網址: http://www.digitimes.com.tw/tw/dt/n/shwnws.asp?CnlID=1&Cat=30&Cat1=&id=0000174145_TQ22D6GT3LCV4D6ABXJ5W&query=AUO+and+TPV#ixzz1pHsmcGXX。
    2.外交部領事事務局(2012, 05月06日發布),波蘭旅遊生活資訊,取自:外交部領事事務局,登錄時間:2012年05月06日,網址:http://www.boca.gov.tw/content.asp?CuItem=604&mp=1。
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)
    96932099
    100
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0096932099
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[經營管理碩士學程EMBA] 學位論文

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