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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/55131
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/55131

    Title: 從事件關聯電位探討非意識性情緒調控的時間歷程與效果
    Investigating the temporal dynamics of non-conscious emotion regulation processing and effects using event-related potentials
    Authors: 楊宗翰
    Yang, Tsung Han
    Contributors: 顏乃欣
    Yen, Nai Shing
    Yang, Tsung Han
    Keywords: 情緒調控
    emotion regulation
    non-conscious goals
    event-related potential
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2012-11-01 13:57:58 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 大部分情緒調控研究,著重於意圖性(deliberate)調控策略的使用與效果比較(如認知再評估與壓抑)。Bargh, Lee-Chai, Barndollar, Gollwitzer, & Trötschel (2001)透過一系列實驗發現,高階的行為目標,即便在人類覺知外激發,亦能促發人們非意識地產生該目標,並有相關的追求行為。在這樣的理論與實證支持下,Mauss, Cook, & Gross (2007)驗證了情緒調控能以非意識行為進行。Williams, Bargh, Nocera, & Gray (2009)的研究更發現不管是意識或是非意識性地進行情緒調控,都能有效降低心跳改變率。由於目前仍缺乏許多非意識性情緒調控的效果與歷程證據,本研究目的即在藉由事件關聯電位,探討非意識性情緒調控的效果與時間歷程。實驗一透過事件關聯電位,驗證情緒調控能在非意識情況下發生,並發現非意識性壓抑能發生在情緒反應剛產生的300至700毫秒內。實驗二則加入了意識性重新評估與壓抑組參與者,與非意識性重新評估與壓抑組作比較。結果顯示,對參與者而言,(1) 正向情緒為一較容易調控的情緒類別。(2) 使用重新評估調控情緒的效果,仍顯著優於使用壓抑策略。(3) 非意識性情緒調控的結果,也比意識性調控情緒來得較佳。這樣的實驗結果支持了非意識情緒調控的可行性與優點。
    Studies of emotion regulations mostly focused on deliberate control strategies such as cognitive reappraisal and suppression. Bargh and his colleagues conducted a series of experiments and found higher behavioral goals could be primed non-consciously, i.e. outside human awareness (Bargh et al., 2001). Under these assumptions, Mauss, Cook and Gross (2007) verified how emotion regulations be formed through non-conscious behaviors. Williams, Bargh, Nocera, and Gray (2009) also found both conscious and non-conscious reappraisals deduced heart-rate changes. However, it is lack of studies investigating the effects and temporal dynamics of non-conscious emotion regulation. The purpose of this research is to analyze the temporal dynamics and effects of non-conscious emotion regulation processing using event-related potentials. In the first experiment, we verified emotion regulation could be operated under non-conscious way. Also we found non-conscious suppressed goals would be primed and regulated at the beginning of emotional response, i.e., in 300-700ms after the onset of emotion pictures. In the second experiment, we added conscious reappraisal and suppression condition for comparing the non-conscious and conscious regulated effects and time processes. The results showed (1) It was easy for participants to regulate positive emotion. (2) The emotion regulation effect was better with reappraisal strategy than with suppression. (3) Non-conscious emotion regulation would result in better regulated outcomes than conscious emotion regulation. These results supported the practicability and advantages of non-conscious emotion regulation.
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