English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 11 |  Items with full text/Total items : 88613/118155 (75%)
Visitors : 23491594      Online Users : 629
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/55264

    Title: 台灣民眾對科學風險之認知與態度
    Other Titles: Public Perception of Scientific Issues in Taiwan
    Authors: 施琮仁;俞振華;陳憶寧
    Contributors: 國立政治大學國際傳播英語碩士學位學程
    Keywords: 台灣;科學
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-11-07 15:39:37 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 科學傳播近年來在全世界地都受到相當程度的重視,主要是因為科學與社會的關係愈來愈緊密。隨著時代的進步,許多新科技應運而生,很多的發明都是為了讓人類有更高的生活品質、更能控制周遭的一切。然而,這些新科技帶來的不只是進步與希望,也還有爭議與風險。面對這些複雜的科學議題,民眾是否有能力去理解其中的優缺點、是否有辦法決定該不該使用相關產品(或食用相關食品)、什麼因素影響了民眾的態度,便成為了科學家、科技推廣人員、政府相關部門所關注的焦點,而這些問題,大都需要透過調查法才能得到答案。值得注意的是,台灣地區現有的調查所關注的焦點,大都集中於科學教育與科學知識,並無觸及民眾對特定科學議題的態度,也鮮少從不同的角度與學門來解釋態度之差異。因此,本計畫預計以三年的時間,分別調查民眾對奈米科技、全球暖化、生物科技之意見,並冀望透過結合傳播、價值取向、科學素養與風險判斷等因素,來瞭解國人對不同科學議題的看法與認知。更重要的是,我們計畫將得到的調查結果,和國外的情況做比較,畢竟各國的風土民情、社會習慣、經濟發展與文化背景都不相同,唯有透過「比較式研究」,才能賦予調查結果最有意義的解釋。
    As people are facing an increasing number of issues regarding emerging technologies, environment, and health risks in their daily life, public understanding has started to grab the eyes of both researchers and policy-makers. This understanding is of particular importance because a democratic system works the best when its people participate actively in public affairs and offer meaningful opinions as the bedrocks of policy-making. The “biotechnology fiasco” example in Europe attests to the importance of understanding both public opinion and factors shaping public attitudes. Scientists and outreach specialists also heavily rely on results of public opinion surveys because they provide insight into what strategies to use when communicating with the public. Public understanding of science in Taiwan, although receives increasing attention, is still in its infancy. For example, surveys with large, nationally representative sample in Taiwan are scarce. Among the few, most focus on scientific literacy, especially people’s level of knowledge and where their knowledge comes from. While scientific literacy undoubtedly plays an important role in the popularization of scientific or technological innovations, it is not the sole factor, let alone the most powerful predictor of public attitudes. Research around the world has suggested that communication channels, such as mass media use and interpersonal discussion, serve not only as information sources for scientific or health-related issues, but also as important determinants of people’s opinion. Studies also show that value predispositions, such as religiosity, ideology, and deference to scientific authority, can provide people with “mental shortcuts” and help them form an opinion in a more efficient way. Moreover, due to cultural and societal differences, the perception of scientific issues and the attitude-shaping factors may vary. As a result, keeping track of how the public thinks about scientific issues matters as much in Taiwan as in the rest of the world. This is because of the notion that research findings are not meaningful unless it is placed in a comparative context. Drawing on literature from communication, social psychology, risk management, cross-cultural research, this project will implement three large-scale, probability sample surveys in Taiwan (with a focus on nanotechnology, climate change, and biotechnology, respectively). By situating public opinion in the aforementioned theoretical disciplines, we are able to paint a clear contour regarding public understanding of science in Taiwan. Most important of all, results obtained from these surveys can be used by scholars for cross-cultural comparative studies, which will contribute remarkably to international scholarship and make experiences in Taiwan visible in the world.
    Relation: 基礎研究
    研究期間:10008~ 10107
    研究經費: 497仟元
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[國際傳播英語碩士學程] 國科會研究計畫

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    100-2410-H-004-146-SSS.pdf428KbAdobe PDF688View/Open

    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    社群 sharing

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback