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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/55295


    Title: 相依性與獨立性對善意與惡意歧視的影響 (II)
    Other Titles: The Impact of Interdependency and Independency on Hostile and Benevolent Discrimination
    Authors: 李怡青
    Contributors: 國立政治大學心理學研究所
    行政院國家科學委員會
    Keywords: 性別歧視;文化研究;種族歧視
    sexism;cultural studies;ethnic prejudice/racism
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2012-11-08 14:05:04 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本人先前研究顯示:台灣受試者的善意性別歧視信念預測其性別歧視行為,美國受試者的惡意性別歧視信念預測其性別歧視行為。本計劃進一步探討此文化差異的原因。在台灣,儒家學說影響我們重視以和為貴,當台灣受試者分配有限資源時,可能透過區隔強、弱者(期待強者照顧弱者,要求弱者遵從強者),達到儒家追求的和諧境界,故其善意性別歧視信念預測其性別歧視行為。相對地,美國人可能因信奉菁英制度,相信弱肉強食是個人能力或努力差異的必然結果,故其惡意性別歧視信念預測其性別歧視行為。本研究計畫提出四個研究檢驗以上假設。第一年研究一探討,美式風格的台灣受試者是否在美國文物促發下,較易有相似美國受試者的反應,其惡意性別歧視信念預測其性別歧視行為。第一年研究二探討,對雙文化受試者(此指曾客居美國六個月以上的台灣受試者),促發傳統台灣文物時,是否其善意性別歧視信念預估其性別歧視行為?相對地,當促發傳統美國文物時,是否其惡意性別歧視信念預估其性別歧視行為?第二年的研究一改以台灣常見的相依情境與美國常見的獨立情境為促發刺激,並檢驗是否能複製第一年的研究結果。第二年的研究二則改以族群團體為可能歧視對象,以進一步擴展可能解釋的範疇。
    According to Lee, Pratto, & Li (in press), Taiwanese participants』 support of benevolent sexism predicted their sex-discriminatory behavior more than their support of hostile sexism. Conversely, American participants』 support of hostile sexism predicted their sex-discriminatory behavior more than their support of benevolent sexism. This proposal explores what may account for the observed cultural difference. In Taiwan where Confucianism is a central ideology, social hierarchy is promoted with the aim to increase harmony. Thus, it is possible that when considering the need for social hierarchy, Taiwanese participants believe that it is for the good of the people in that dominants (e.g., men) are expected to take care of the subordinates (e.g., women). In other words, social hierarchy is a way to gain harmony that benefits people who dominate (dominants) and those who are dominated (subordinates). In America where meritocracy is valued, social hierarchy is assumed to be a natural result of differential merits. That is, social hierarchy is resulted from people』s efforts and abilities. To examine these hypotheses, four studies over a time span of 2 years are proposed. In the first year Study I, scales such as ambivalent sexism inventory, social dominance orientation scale, interpersonal hierarchicality scale, and American acculturation scale, will be collected before participants are asked to allocate limited resources for male and female groups. Among Americanized Taiwanese participants who are primed with American magazines, their support of hostile sexism is expected to predict their sex-discriminatory behavior. Among traditional Taiwanese participants who are primed with Taiwanese magazines, their support of benevolent sexism is believed to predict their sex-discriminatory behavior. In the first year study II, Taiwanese participants who have resided in the U.S. for at least 6 months will be recruited to be primed with traditional Taiwanese figures or traditional American figures before they are asked to do the same allocation task as in the first year study I. Scales in the first year study I will also be collected. In the second year study I, participants of similar background as in the first year study II will be primed with Taiwanese interdependency or American independency scenarios before they are asked to do the same allocation task as in the previous two studies. Scales in the first year study I will also be administered. In the second year study II, participants of similar background as in previous studies will be primed with Taiwanese interdependency or American independency scenarios before they are asked to allocate limited resources for different ethnic groups. Scales such as a scale about hostile and benevolent discriminatory beliefs, social dominance orientation scale, interpersonal hierarchicality scale, and American acculturation scale will be administered. In the conditions where participants are primed with traditional Taiwanese figures or Taiwanese interdependency scenarios, support of benevolent beliefs is hypothesized to predict their discriminatory behavior. In the conditions where participants are primed with traditional American figures or American interdependency scenarios, support of hostile beliefs is hypothesized to predict their discriminatory behavior.
    Relation: 基礎研究
    學術補助
    研究期間:9708~ 9807
    研究經費:614仟元
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 國科會研究計畫

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