English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 88266/117736 (75%)
Visitors : 23392445      Online Users : 178
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/55330


    Title: 基本數學運算能力高低者的乘法運算策略選擇與大腦認知負荷之研究 (I)
    Other Titles: The Study of Multiplication Strategy and the Cognitive Loading for Participants with Different Level of Arithmatical Ability
    Authors: 顏乃欣;郭文瑞
    Contributors: 國立政治大學心理學系
    行政院國家科學委員會
    Keywords: 數學教育;算術;乘法;工作記憶;認知負荷;功能性磁振造影
    mathematical education;mathematics;multiplicative problem;working memory;cognitive loading;fMRI
    Date: 2010
    Issue Date: 2012-11-08 14:05:57 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 過去數學解題歷程的研究顯示運算能力在解題歷程的重要性。缺乏基礎的運算能力,將無法達到對數學概念真正的理解,因此培養良好的運算能力方能成就良好的數學能力。如果在教育階段能培養良好的基本運算能力,將有助於複雜的數學解題能力以及相關的知識理解。過去關於運算能力的大腦研究多著重在簡單算術上,較複雜的算術活動並沒有太多探索。本研究試圖探究基本運算能力高低者在執行較複雜的乘法運算時的大腦認知活動負荷情形,以期能將結果解釋基本運算能力與數學成就的關係。研究中共有五個實驗,實驗一探討在不同策略的運算方式以及不同作業難度時,是否大腦活化區域與活化程度有所不同,我們假設不同策略的運算方式會導致不同的認知負荷;實驗二的目的則是運用不同的工作記憶作業做為第二項作業,以進一步釐清不同運算策略的工作記憶認知處理成分;實驗三比較高、中、低三種表現的三組受試者在不同表徵形式下不同運算方式的表現情況;實驗四檢測運算能力高低的兩群受試者,在不同運算方式上的大腦活化情況;實驗五探討運算能力高、低組的受試者在面對不同題型時的策略選擇與運算能力差異。預計在計畫第一、二年中,分別執行實驗一、二與實驗三、四,計畫第三年執行第五個實驗,並綜合分析上述實驗的結果。
    It has been shown that computational ability is important in solving mathematical problems. Without basic computation efficiency, the comprehension of mathematical concept will be impaired. Therefore, good computational ability is a base for mathematical learning and performance. In most of previous brain studies on mathematics, only simple concepts or problems were investigated. In the present studies, we would like to examine the cognitive loading and brain activity when subjects with different computational ability work on complex multiplicative problems in order to understand the relationship between computational ability and mathematical performance. Five experiments are proposed. In experiment 1, different computational strategies and level of difficulty on multiplicative problems are manipulated. The behavioral and fMRI data are collected. It is hypothesized that cognitive loadings are different with different computational strategies. In experiment 2, different working memory tasks will be used as a second task while subjects solve multiplicative problems in order to further understand the involvement of different working memory components. In experiment 3, how subjects with different mathematical performance perform on exact and approximate computation with different representation of multiplicative problems are examined. In experiment 4, the brain activation of subjects with different mathematical performance on exact and approximate computation will be examined. In experiment 5, the strategy selection and brain activation of subjects with different mathematical performance in face of complex multiplicative problems are examined. Experiment 1 and 2 will be executed in the first year. Experiment 3 and 4 will be executed on the second year. In the third year, the fifth experiment will be executed and the data will be analyzed in a comprehensive way.
    這是三年期計畫的第一年期中報告。此計畫之研究目的在於探究運算能力高低不同者在乘法運算時的策略選擇與大腦認知負荷情形。因此本年度的研究目的在於找出未來fMRI研究中適合的刺激材料,也就是從不同難易度以及不同數字記憶負荷量的題型中,篩選出能達成研究目的的乘法題目。因為人們學習運算需要一些基本能力支援。有大量的文獻在探討這些基本能力是那些。部分研究建議像是工作記憶以及執行功能的一般認知能力;有些研究則認為領域特殊能力也是必要的,像是大數目的概數感、群數(numerosity of a set)以及執行運算時的數字表徵。然而,哪些能力扮演重要的角色仍持續在爭議中。本研究以47位大學生為樣本,探究一般認知能力中的工作記憶能力及領域特殊能力中概數感,與乘法運算之間的關係,並從實驗中了解在不同乘法運算能力中受試者在難度不同與不同數字負荷題型中的策略選擇。研究結果顯示,工作記憶中的記憶更新功能與乘法運算成就有高度相關,概數感則與乘法運算成就不相關。乘法運算能力不同的受試者在不同的乘法題型中之策略選擇不同。而工作記憶能力高者在乘法運算的速度相較於工作記憶能力低者快。
    This is the first year report of the 3 year grant project. Our goal of this project is to examine the effect of cognitive loading and its brain activity when subjects with different computational ability work on complex multiplicative problems in order to understand the relationship between computational ability and mathematical performance. Therefore the purpose of the first year was finding out the appropriate stimuli used for the further fMRI studies and tested some debates about the relationship between the essential capacities and multiplication. People learning arithmetic needs support of some foundational abilities. There was a great deal of literature on these essential capacities. Some studies suggested the general cognitive abilities, such as working memory (WM) and the executive function were very important. Other studies believed some domain-specific capabilities, such as approximating numerosity system (ANS), representing the numerosity of a set, and using number representations in arithmetic operations, were the core functions. However, which components played the important role on learning arithmetic was still in debates. Using a group of 47 young college students as samples, this study examined the relationship among general cognitive abilities (4 kinds of WM tasks; memory updating, MU; operation span, OS; sentence span, SS; spatial short-term memory, SSTM), a domain-specific capability (ANS), and multiplication performances. According to the performance of the participants, we separated them into high/low multiplication accuracy group and high/low MU ability (known as related to the executive function) group. We compared the strategies differences, reaction time, and accuracy of multiplication from the different performance/ability groups. The results revealed that there were high correlations between the multiplication performance and WM abilities, especially between MU and multiplication. There seems to be low correlations between ANS and multiplication achievements, same with ANS and WM abilities. The strategies, speed, and accuracy between high and low performance groups were very different. The speeds of multiplication in high MU participants were faster than lower ones. These results were interesting for future study.
    Relation: 商品化
    學術補助
    研究期間:9908~ 10007
    研究經費:1043仟元
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 國科會研究計畫

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    index.html0KbHTML315View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback