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    Title: 脈絡約束與詞彙特性對中文閱讀眼動控制的影響 (II)
    Other Titles: The Influence of Contextual Constraint and Lexical Properties on Eye Movement Control in Reading Chinese
    Authors: 蔡介立
    Contributors: 國立政治大學心理學系
    行政院國家科學委員會
    Keywords: 心理;中文閱讀;眼動控制
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-11-08 14:06:13 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究計劃擬探討文句脈絡約束與詞彙特性等因素,對中文閱讀眼動控制的影響。在閱讀文句的過程中,隨著讀到更多的詞彙,詞彙意義的整合所建立的脈絡,不僅有助於文句理解,也會幫助接下來將讀到的字詞處理。在三年的研究計劃中,將探討脈絡預測性與其他詞彙特性交互作用的影響。第一年的實驗,將分別操弄脈絡可預測性與詞彙詞頻,以及脈絡可預測性與斷詞視覺線索之間的交互作用,對詞彙處理與眼動控制的影響。第二年的實驗,將建立一個160個句子的語料庫,並透過施測來計算句子中每個詞彙的脈絡可預測性;此外,將收集閱讀句子語料庫的眼動資料,以迴歸分析的方式來呈現脈絡約束、詞頻等因素,在不同眼動指標的重要性與處理歷程。第三年的實驗,將探討脈絡約束在週邊預視的過程中,對週邊視覺資訊處理的影響。藉由三年的一系列研究,將可瞭解中文閱讀過程中,由上而下的脈絡約束與由下而上的詞彙特性處理,如何影響凝視時間與凝視位置的不同眼動控制機制。
    This project aims to investigate the influence of contextual constraint and word properties on eye movement control in reading. When reading a sentence, as more words are read, the context which is built up from integrating word meanings helps not only for sentence comprehension, but also for processing the upcoming words. The influence of word predictability and its interaction with other word properties will be studies in this three year project proposal. In year one, two experiments will be conducted to investigate the interaction of contextual and lexical factors, manipulating word predictability, word frequency, and visual word boundary cue. In year two, a sentence corpus comprising 160 sentences will be generated. Word predictability for each word in sentences will be obtained by a norming study. Eye movements in reading these sentences will be collected to analysis the contribution of each factors with multiple regression. In year three, the influence of contextual constraint on parafoveal visual information processing will be investigated in two experiments. The results of this project contribute to reveal the influence of top-down contextual constraint with the consideration of other bottom-up word properties on the where and when mechanisms of eye movement control.
    Relation: 基礎研究
    學術補助
    研究期間:10008~ 10107
    研究經費:851仟元
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 國科會研究計畫

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