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    Title: 日本古代天皇制中的天皇原型---從記紀、萬葉之天皇形象看起 (I)
    Other Titles: The Archetype of Mikado in the Ancient Mikado System---Analysis of Mikado Image in Kojiki, Nihonsyoki and Manyousyu
    Authors: 鄭家瑜
    Contributors: 國立政治大學日本語文學系
    行政院國家科學委員會
    Keywords: 古事記;日本書紀;萬葉集;天皇;天皇制古代天皇制;性格分析;類型;原型
    Archetype Kojiki Nihonsyoki Manyousyu Mikado Mikado SystemAncient Mikado System Character Analysis Type
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2012-11-19 14:59:20 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 日本的天皇制, 不但是世界上現存最久的君主制, 更是維繫日本一千三百年以上歷史, 以及形成日本文化根基不可或缺之要素。所以要想了解日本文化,先要了解日本天皇制;要想了解日本天皇制,就要認識日本天皇; 而要認識日本天皇, 就要正本清源探討日本古代天皇制裡的天皇。究竟天皇是宗教性人物? 亦或是政治性人物? 還是二者兼具? 究竟天皇具有何種性格與機能? 有關這些問題, 向來都是各個領域討論的重點,至今未能有定論。本計劃企圖透過「人物分析」方法,來從源頭探討天皇制裡的天皇,進而描繪出天皇形象的原型。「人物形象分析」,向來都是幫助我們更深入掌握故事情節以及主題的重要途徑。本計劃即是要以《古事記》《日本書紀》《萬葉集》(以下簡稱「記紀、萬葉」) 三書為研究材料, 將「天皇」視為「人物類型」的一型,透過其言行、舉止、反應、容貌、風度等等的指標, 來分析天皇於故事中所呈現的形象。同時,比較分析這些天皇形象的異同,企圖從中找出存在於其背後的最大他者-古代天皇制中的天皇的原型,進而反思此一原型對於日本上代文學形成的影響。有關記紀、萬葉的研究資料中, 雖也有部分論及天皇形象這一主題, 但是欠缺系統性的整理以及深入的探討。「古代天皇制」的研究固然很多, 但是至今尚未有學者從「人物形象分析」角度切入, 並嘗試找出一種原型。因此相信本計劃將可開拓文學研究的新視野, 以及天皇研究的新面向。
    The system of Mikado is not only the longest in the world now but also the foundation stone to support Japanese culture which has existed for more than 1300 years. Then, we must clarify the system of Mikado if we want to understand Japanese culture; acquire who Mikado is if clarify the system of Mikado; thoroughly overhaul the Mikado image in the ancient Mikado if acquire who Mikado is. What the so-called Mikado system is a ruling system by Mikado. But is Mikado a religious character? Or political? Or both? These questions are always the focal points in many researches from kinds of areas, but fail to have final conclusions so far. This project is aimed at picturing an archetype of Mikado in ancient Mikado system by the method of character analysis. Character analysis is always a useful method to help us to well understand plot or theme in a story. This project is based on Kojiki, Nihonsyoki and Manyousyu, treats Mikado as one of character types and analyses Mikado’s image appearing in stories by the index of Mikado’s words, behavior, response, appearance and manner, etc. Meanwhile, we will compare and analyze images of these Mikado, and then try to find out the original behind all images – the archetype of Mikado in the ancient Mikado system, and furthermore think about the influence of the archetype on ancient literature. There are lots of researches about the ancient Mikado system, but no researcher has ever done a systematic job from the viewpoint of character analysis until now, and proceeded to find out an archetype of Mikado. Therefore, we believe this project would open a new window for ancient Japanese literature and Mikado research.
    Relation: 基礎研究
    學術補助
    研究期間:9808~ 9907
    研究經費:509仟元
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[日本語文學系] 國科會研究計畫

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