日語中有些自他動詞有複數個對應的他自動詞。如他動詞「漏らす」有兩個對應的自動詞「漏る」和「漏れる」，自動詞「くるまる」有兩個對應的他動詞「くるめる」和「くるむ」。本研究的目的在於釐清這些複數對應的自他動詞和其對應的他自動詞之間的關係。另一方面，不論是一般的自他動詞或是「他動詞＋自動詞」類型的複合動詞，都有自他動詞不完全對稱的現象。上述的對應關係和這些不對稱現象之間有何關聯也是本研究欲釐清的課題。有些複數對應的自他動詞，顯然和非對格假說有關，但目前並沒有相關的研究。此外，有學者提出自動詞的三分法：「行為－內發－參與」對於記述複數對應的自他動詞亦有相當大的幫助。這些理論與複數對應自他動詞之間的關係也是本研究欲釐清的課題。藉由上述的觀點，希望能釐清日語自他動詞的一部分特性。 verbs in Japanese. For example, the transitive verb “morasu” has two corresponding intransitive verbs “moru” and “moreru”. The aim of this research is to clarify the relations between multiple corresponding transitive (intransitive) verbs and its＇ intransitive (transitive) verbs. Meanwhile, the irregular correspondence can also been seen on the general transitive verbs and intransitives verbs, and the “transitive-intransitives＂ type compound verbs. To clarify those irregular correspondence rules and the relation between them is also the aim of this research. Some multiple corresponding transitive or intransitive verbs are apparently related to the Unaccusative Hypothesis, but there is no research about this until now. Also the three classifications of intransitive verbs: “action, spontaneousness, participant” are helpful for the description of transitive and intransitive verbs. To clarify the relations between these theories and multiple corresponding transitive and intransitive verbs are also the aim of this research. By these points of view, it is hoped that the characteristic of the transitive verbs and intransitive verbs in Japanese will be clarified.