本研究旨在探討台灣民眾在節能減碳與文化傳統的信念與行為間所經驗到的張力，並探討重新建構此張力、以及化信念為行動的可行性。研究目的是建構「節能減碳」與「文化傳統」信念與行為間張力的理論，做為後續三年研發「國民節能減碳素養工具」與「課程教學設計」以及進行實驗教學的基礎；此外，民眾對「節能減碳」議題化信念為行動的可行方案建構，可提供政府據以訂定適當的因應策略與措施。本研究之主要研究對象為居住於台灣的兒童、青少年、青年、壯年、中年、老年人，預計各世代訪談10 位，共計訪談60 位，並盡可能擴大受訪者的變異性(包括性別、城鄉、社經背景等)。本研究採用質、量並行的研究取向，訪談問題包括質性訪談問題與量化問卷題目。本研究的進度分為四個階段：(一)藉由文獻探討與初訪(預計6 人)，編制訪談問題與問卷；(二)實際進行訪談；(三)訪談之質性與量化結果分析；(四)結果討論與報告撰寫。 The aim of this study is to explore the tension between the beliefs and behaviors of energy-saving/carbon-reduction and those of traditional culture perceived by the Taiwanese general public, along with reconstructing this tension and transforming beliefs into actions. The purposes of the study are to construct a theory of the tension between the beliefs and behaviors of energy-saving/carbon-reduction and traditional culture in order to lay a foundation for the development of the ‘Public Energy-Saving/Carbon-Reduction Literacy Tool’ and the design of related curricula, which can be used to implement an experimental teaching program, over the next three years; in addition, the Taiwanese public’s constructions of proposals on their capacities to change beliefs into actions in the debate of energy-saving/carbon-reduction and traditional culture can provide the government with data that helps with the development of appropriate tactics and measures. The research participates will include the six generations of children, adolescents, young youths, older youths, middle-aged people, and seniors who currently reside in Taiwan with a variability as diverse as possible, including different genders, home towns, social and economical backgrounds etc. (around 10 people for each generation and N = 60 in total). The study will use both qualitative and quantitative methodologies and the interview questions will include both qualitative questions and quantitative survey items. The study will be carried out by following a four-stage procedure: (1) Design the interview and survey questions based on literature review and pilot interviews with six participants. (2) Implement formal interviews. (3) Analyze the qualitative and quantitative data obtained by interviews. (4) Discuss the results and compose the report.