The purpose of this project is to do the three-year-term longitudinal study about the science and mathematics learning growth for the fourth-grade students whose elementary schools will be located at the Wen-San District, Taipei City, Taiwan, in 2010 academic year. The longitudinal-study data bank will be constructed with included the following variables, such as: gender, self-concept, learning motivation, learning aptitude, learning strategy, science and mathematics achievement which belonged to the personal variables, family structure, family language usage, family socio-economic status which belonged to the family variables, and school curriculum, teaching, environment which belonged to the school variables. Due to the data collection about the new immigrant groups are hard to do, the project will also include the local students＇ same data collection in order to decrease the self-defensiveness and increase the cooperation of the new immigrant groups. Besides, under the consideration about various possible limits, the project focus the data collection only for the fourth-grade students whose elementary schools will be located at the Wen-San District, Taipei City, Taiwan, in 2010 academic year. The project will continue for three academic years with five waves of data collection. Finally, after finish of the data collection, the project will couple with the Project Two to code the whole collected-data with the same framework in order to complete the Integrated Research Project. Meanwhile, the project will also analyze the collected-data to find out something. And the suggestions and conclusions about these findings will also be proposed and complete the project.
隨著新移民女性的增加，新移民子女在國民小學佔據不小比例，這是不可小覷的教育議題。本研究第一年依據文獻與研究方向編擬問卷，從北臺灣五所國小四年級學生開始進行追蹤；至於第二年除了繼續以第一年研究對象進行追蹤之外（第二年已升至國小五年級），亦針對第一年所整理的四年級資料進行分析，有效樣本人數為1401人，研究方法有獨立樣本平均數t檢定、獨立樣本二因子變異數分析、結構方程式模型和複迴歸等方法，研究結果如下：非新移民子女與新移民子女中，自律學習策略沒有顯著差異、智力固定觀對國語科成就的路徑上不盡相同；非新移民子女在閱讀等因素除了有較高表現外，閱讀因素亦有交互作用存在；以及家長參與程度對師生關係的正向影響，對新移民子女的影響程度大於非新移民子女。本研究期待三年資料收集完成，進行縱貫性分析，瞭解新移民子女與非新移民子女是否會因為母親國籍而有馬太效應現象，以提出一份更完整的研究報告與建議。New immigrant children whose mothers come from abroad are rising and they are the large proportion of primary school students in Taiwan. This is an important and novel topic of study. According to literature review and study purpose to developed questionnaire which would send to four-grade samples in Northern Taiwan at first year in the study. At second year in the study, the study would keep surveying those students (up to fifth-grade) and analysis the data of 1410 four-grades at first year. Data analysis includes t-test, two-way ANOVA, structural equation modeling, and multiple regression analyses. Results show that there exists no significant difference between non-immigrant children and new immigrant children in self-regulated learning strategies, but the effect of entity view of ability on Chinese were different path between them. Non-immigrant children’s score of reading factors were higher than new immigrant children and reading factors had interaction effect. Parent involvement is an important predictor of children’s school adaptation in both new immigrant children and native children, but the former were more effect than the later. The study expects to collect complete three year data to longitudinal analysis to understand whether or not Matthew effect would be between non-immigrant children and new immigrant children. Look forward to give complete conclusions and suggestions in the future.