The purpose of this project is to do the three-year-term longitudinal study about the science and mathematics learning growth for the fourth-grade students whose elementary schools will be located at the Wen-San District, Taipei City, Taiwan, in 2010 academic year. The longitudinal-study data bank will be constructed with included the following variables, such as: gender, self-concept, learning motivation, learning aptitude, learning strategy, science and mathematics achievement which belonged to the personal variables, family structure, family language usage, family socio-economic status which belonged to the family variables, and school curriculum, teaching, environment which belonged to the school variables. Due to the data collection about the new immigrant groups are hard to do, the project will also include the local students＇ same data collection in order to decrease the self-defensiveness and increase the cooperation of the new immigrant groups. Besides, under the consideration about various possible limits, the project focus the data collection only for the fourth-grade students whose elementary schools will be located at the Wen-San District, Taipei City, Taiwan, in 2010 academic year. The project will continue for three academic years with five waves of data collection. Finally, after finish of the data collection, the project will couple with the Project Two to code the whole collected-data with the same framework in order to complete the Integrated Research Project. Meanwhile, the project will also analyze the collected-data to find out something. And the suggestions and conclusions about these findings will also be proposed and complete the project.