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The Effects of Maximization Tendency on Consumers’ Product Information Seeking Behavior: From the Prospective of Cost-Benefit
Lee, Wen Hsuan
Lou, Yung Chien
Bei, Lien Ti
Lee, Wen Hsuan
The Cost-Benefit Model for Information Seeking
Subjective Estimation of Information Cost and Benefit
|Issue Date: ||2012-12-03 11:19:19 (UTC+8)|
本論文以Ratchford (1982) 所提之「資訊搜尋之成本－利益模式 (The Cost-Benefit Model for Information Seeking)」為理論基礎，並將研究分為兩部份，研究一為探討不同極大化程度消費者在產品挑選機制與產品屬性要求標準上的差異，透過受測者對四項產品之屬性重要度評估、對特定屬性規格之期望標準，得知不同極大化程度受測者在產品屬性重視的程度、視為重要的屬性數量，以及產品屬性要求標準上之差異。研究二則採取2 (資訊延遲時間高、低)×2 (產品屬性離散程度高、低) 組間設計實驗，透過本研究設計之虛擬產品購物網站平台，讓受測者執行產品資訊搜尋任務，從中衡量受測者對產品資訊搜尋時間成本與資訊信心之主觀估計，驗證單位搜尋時間估計與單位資訊效用估計在極大化程度對受測者產品資訊搜尋數量、搜尋過程滿意度與產品知覺價值中，扮演之中介變數角色，以瞭解箇中之內在心理機制。
The purpose of this research is to demonstrate whether consumers’ subjective estimations of search time and product information confidence are the mediators mediating the effects of maximization tendency on consumers’ product information seeking behavior and attitude. From the perspective of information cost-benefit, the psychological mechanism will be found from this effect of personality on consumer behavior in this research.
Maximization tendency was conceptualized in recent ten years to describe individual’s personality that strives for pursuing the best choice. After this concept was developed, most of the researches in this domain focused on discussing in the relationships between maximization orientation and consumers’ choice preferences such as the differences in the amount of alternatives, the aspiration to invest search time, and affective response after making decision. However seldom of them paid their attentions to the stage of product information search to probe the mechanism for the effect of maximization tendency on consumers’ searching behaviors about product information. Since the information seeking is the most important process to influence consumers’ decisions, the current study aims to explore the effects of maximization tendency on the individuals’ subjective estimations of time cost and benefit of product information. Hereby, the whole picture of the causal relationship in consumers’ information searching process would be drawn in this study.
Referring to the rationales of Ratchford’s cost-benefit model, this research conducts two studies: the first part is to assess the differences in the criteria and attribute standard of consumers’ product selection with differential maximization tendencies. The second part is to conduct a 2 (the delay length of information appearance: low and high)×2 (the the dispersion of information attributes: low and high) between subject design experiments to demonstrate the mediating effect of two variables: consumers’ subjective estimation of time cost and information confidence during searching for information in the relations between maximization tendency and consumers’ information seeking behavior.
The result shows the relationship between participants’ maximization orientation and their selection criteria as well as attribute demand standard exists. In general, maximizers have more complex choice criteria and higher picking standards than satisficers do when they choose the same products. The psychological mechanism is confirmed to help us understand how maximization tendency affect seeking behaviors and attitudes of product information from consumer’s product information seeking behavior and attitude. Manufacturers and store owners are suggested to apply these findings in the arrangement of alternatives and the display of product attribute information in order to reduce customers’ subjective estimation of time cost and improve their perception on information utility to, eventually, increase their satisfaction with the whole consumption experiences.
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|Data Type: ||thesis|
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