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    Title: 台灣民眾統獨偏好的持續與變遷之研究---測量與應用(I)
    Other Titles: Continuity and Change of People's Preference on the Issue of 'Unification Vs. Independence' in Taiwan---Measurements and Implications
    Authors: 游清鑫;劉義周
    Contributors: 行政院國家科學委員會
    國立政治大學選舉研究中心
    Keywords: 台灣民眾;統獨偏好
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2012-12-05 11:07:13 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 有關台灣與大陸在未來關係的模式將如何發展,學術界在此方面的研究主要可以分成兩大主主軸,一條主軸是從經驗調查的角度,直接討論台灣民眾的統獨立場,對於未來兩岸關係的政治安排究竟是應當走向統一、獨立、或者是維持現狀,以及與此一立場偏好相關的各種兩岸互動與政策走向。另一條主軸則是從歷史、文化與政治發展的角度論述台灣民眾的國家認同問題,也包含哲學思考中的國家、民族、族群等概念,引伸出社群共同體意識、民族主義與國家角色的討論。然而,雖然在學術討論上可以粗分成此兩大主軸,實際上此兩條軸線並非各自發展而不相干,相反的,兩題軸線具有密切的互動關係,其互動關係更隨著台灣內外政治局勢的變動而有所不同,本計畫即在於重新檢視台灣民眾統獨立場的偏好,尤其是如何解讀為數眾多的「維持現狀」之內涵。透過國家認同文獻與統獨立場的檢討之後,藉由結合量化的電話訪問調查與質化的焦點團體訪談之混合研究策略,進一步瞭解台灣民眾在統一、獨立、與維持現狀背後具有的各種意涵,並提供本主題此量研究之參考。There have been two streams of studying future development of cross-Strait relations in Taiwan’s academic community. One is empirical perspective discussing people’s preference on the issue of “unification vs. independence.” It concerns about people’s preference on unification, independence and maintaining status quo and their implications on cross-Strait relations and policies. The other is philosophical and political discourses on people’s national identity based on history, culture and political developments. Concepts such as state, nation, ethnicity, and community consensus are included in the discourses. Yet, the contents and concerns of the two streams are closely related, even mutually reinforced, in spite of different emphases. This project intends to carry a thorough review of people’s preference on the issue of “unification vs. independence.” In particular, to decode the most-supported “maintaining the status quo” item on the issue of “unification vs. independence.” On the one hand, with the assistance of philosophical and political discourses of people’s national identity, the issue of “unification vs. independence” is reformulated in the empirical study. On the other hand, by way of a mixed method research approach, this project combines telephone surveys and focus group interviews to provide deeper interpretations of people’s preference on unification, independence and maintaining the status quo respectively. The results of these studies will also be implemented in the re-design of measurement of survey questions.
    Relation: 基礎研究
    學術補助
    研究期間:9808~ 9907
    研究經費:772仟元
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[選舉研究中心] 國科會研究計畫

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