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    Title: 是減害還是加害?愛滋新聞論述中的毒癮者框架
    Reducing or Inducing Harm?Framing Injecting Drug Users in the HIV/AIDS News Discourse
    Authors: 徐美苓
    熊培伶
    吳姿嫺
    施馨堯
    賴若函
    Mei-Ling Hsu
    Pei-Ling Hsiung
    Tzu-Hsien Wu
    Sin-Yao Shih
    Jo-Han Lai
    Contributors: 政大新聞系
    Keywords: 毒癮;框架分析;減害計畫;愛滋病;新聞論述
    framing analysis;harm reduction;HIV/AIDS;injecting drug use;news discourse
    Date: 2011-03
    Issue Date: 2013-01-22 17:04:29 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 台灣過去多年的愛滋病絕大部份是經由性行為傳染,但自2004年起,毒品病患感染人數激增,實施以提供清潔針具以及以口服方式(例如美沙冬或丁基原啡因)取代注射(海洛因)方式的替代療法,也成了衛生當局極力推動的愛滋防治政策。本研究從社會建構論的角度切入,以框架(framing)分析的取徑,探討媒體論述中有關「愛滋」與「毒品」交集的的毒癮者框架。我們以2004-2007年四年間的新聞文本作為觀察對象,以愛滋、毒癮、吸毒、減害療法、美沙冬、針具交換等重要關鍵詞,至《中國時報》、《聯合報》、《蘋果日報》新聞資料庫進行相關文本搜尋。根據針對742則文本的觀察,新聞所出現的毒癮者描述大致可分為「可被醫治的病人」、「受害者」、「無藥可救的失敗者」、「加害者/失序者」等四個類別,以及以上任一類別的混合。雖然減害計畫的實施,使得毒癮者被新聞框架為可被醫治病人的數量躍升,成為所有類別的第二高,但整體而言,毒癮者仍舊是以負面框架再現為大宗,其中又以加害者/失序者的框架類別為最多。本研究希冀從具在地性的思維與關懷的角度,藉此新聞論述框架剖析進一步帶入健康議題相關者權利面向的省思。
    The increasing number of HIV patients due to injecting drug use (IDU) enabled the Taiwanese government to implement harm reduction program, including distribution of clean needles and drug substitution treatment, in 2004. By taking a social constructionist perspective and using van Gorp's framing package approach, this study analyzed how frames of injecting drug users are represented in the news discourse when addressing the reconstructed social problem of IDU and HIV/AIDS in Taiwan. Seven hundred and forty two relevant news stories from China Times, United Daily News, and Apple Daily, dated from January 2004 to December 2007, were collected via the newspaper web databases. The results showed that injecting drug users were framed as one of the following: curable patients, victims, incurable losers, victimizers/deviants, and the mixed type of any of the four frames. Although increased number of news stories while injecting drug users were framed as curable patients was found, frames with negative nature were still the majority in the news discourse, whereas injecting drug users as victimizers/deviants were the predominant. Based on the findings, the study went further to discuss issues related to health and rights from indigenous and humanitarian perspectives.
    Relation: 台灣社會研究季刊, 81, 83 -132
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[Department of Journalism ] Periodical Articles

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