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    Title: ECFA服務貿易協議市場開放議題之研究
    A study on market access issue in services sector in the Cross-straits Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement
    Authors: 蔡季穎
    Contributors: 胡聯國
    蔡季穎
    Keywords: 兩岸經濟合作架構協議
    服務貿易
    陸資來台
    ECFA
    Date: 2010
    Issue Date: 2013-03-01 09:24:26 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 台灣自加入世界貿易組織(WTO)後,已對於服務業市場進行逐步開放,然面對全球服務貿易自由化之趨勢,以及我國產業結構面臨調整轉型之際,政府欲藉由服務業之發展,帶動經濟成長,使服務業成為我國經濟發展的新動能。由2004年行政院所提出「十二大服務業發展綱領及行動方案」至2009年推動的「服務業發展方案」,未來持續推動六大新興產業、十大重點服務業等細部措施,可看出政府近年來對於服務業的國內發展和對外拓展重視程度不斷增加,期望能將整體服務業的附加價值提升,創造就業機會,增進整體經濟與生活品質。
    台灣於2002年加入世界貿易組織,服務業開放承諾項目共計119項,惟對中國大陸並未按照入會承諾履行開放義務,直到2010年6月29日,我國與中國大陸簽署兩岸經濟合作架構協議(Cross-Straits Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement; 以下簡稱ECFA),開啟兩岸經貿自由化之契機,依兩岸經濟合作架構協議第4條規定,雙方後續將推動服務貿易協議,進一步開放服務業市場,未來我國將面臨服務業對中國大陸履行入會承諾之壓力。
    本研究將分析兩岸服務業發展現況、相互開放情形及我國對中國大陸開放服務業之原則,探討未來ECFA服務貿易協議我國於協商時可能面臨之挑戰及市場開放議題可能涉及問題,並提出政策建議。
    Since Taiwan acceded to WTO, its services market has been stepping up the process of liberalization. However, confronting the trend of global liberalization of services trade and the change of industry structure, Taiwan government would like to boost its economic growth by developing services industry. The policies “A guiding plan for development of services (2004)” and “The program of services industry development (2009)” will keep promoting the six rising industries and the ten key services. Taiwan government focuses on not only its domestic but also foreign services markets in these years, hoping to increase the value added, employment opportunities and quality of life.
    Taiwan acceded to WTO in 2002 and opened 119 services sectors in GATS. But it didn’t fulfill its commitment of opening its services market to Mainland China. After, the signing of Cross-Strait Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement, ECFA on June 29, 2010,both governments have formally started the trade liberalization. According to ECFA Article 4, Both parties will enter into negotiation of an agreement on trade in services, for further liberalization of services market. By the time, Taiwan will encounter great difficulties in liberalizing its domestic market and the pressure of fulfilling its commitments in GATS.
    The study will try to analyze the liberalization status of cross-straits services market, the principle of Taiwan market liberalization to Mainland China, the difficulties of negotiation on trade in services, the issues regarding market access and suggestions.
    Reference: 一、中文部分
    1. 羅昌發,「國際貿易法」,2000年。
    2. 楊光華,「服務貿易總協定與我國入會承諾」,月旦法學雜誌,第79期,2001年。
    3. 楊光華,「WTO服務貿易經濟整合之規範」,政大法學評論,第112期,2009年。
    4. 經濟部國際貿易局,「有關中國大陸與香港簽署『更緊密經貿關係安排』(CEPA)對我可能之影響分析」,2003年。
    5. 經濟部國際貿易局,「兩岸貿易情勢分析」,2011年1月31日。
    6. 中華經濟研究院,「兩岸經濟合作架構協議之影響評估報告」,2009年。
    7. 朱延智,「兩岸經貿」,2004年。
    8. 陳小坪,「WTO架構下兩岸經貿互動之研究」,國立台灣師範大學政治研究所碩士論文,2008年。
    9. 林依瑄,「建立兩岸經貿合作機制之探討─以海峽西岸經濟區為個案研究」,淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士論文,2007年。
    10. 周芯瑋,「兩岸經濟合作架構協議(ECFA)對台灣經濟影響初探」,國立台灣大學經濟研究所碩士論文,2010年。
    11. 江忠亮,「從ECFA探討兩岸經濟合作暨資本市場發展趨勢」,國立台灣大學國際企業研究所碩士論文,2011年。
    12. 蔡宏明,「後ECFA新戰略系列(一)早收清單:有所讓亦有所爭」,旺報,2010年7月1日。
    13. 吳閔鈺,「兩岸經貿關係深化下台灣服務業的機會與挑戰」。全球台商e焦點電子報,第140期,2009年。
    14. 靖心慈,「兩岸服務業發展現況、限制與合作空間」。勞工季刊,第21期,2010年。
    15. 靖心慈,「國際經貿事務研究及培訓中心計畫-WTO會員於服務業各產業市場開放承諾情形評估與分析」,經濟部國際貿易局委託,2006年。
    16. 中華經濟研究院,「陸資來台對我國服務業影響評估」,行政院經建會委託研究,2009年1月。
    二、英文部分
    1. Bernard M. Hoekman and Michael M. Kostecki, “The political economy of the world trading system: from GATT to WTO”, 1995.
    2. Chen, Zhiqi and Lawrence Schembri, “Measuring the Barriers to Trade in Services: Literature and Methodlogies”, www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/eet/research/TPR_2002/17-en.asp, 2002.
    3. Deardorff, Alan V. and Robert M. Stern, Measurement of Nontariff Barriers, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1998.
    4. Hoekman, B., “Assessing the General Agreement on Trade in Services”, in W. Martin and L. Winters (eds.) The Uruguay Round and the Developing Economies, pp. 327-364, World Bank, Washington, D.C., 1995.
    5. Marko, Mary, “An Evaluation of the Basic Telecommunications Service Agreement”, Policy Discussion Paper No.98/09, Centre for International Economic Studies, University of Adelaide, Australia, 1998.
    6. Mattoo, A., R. Rathindran and A. Subramanian, “Measuring Services Trade Liberalization and Its Impact on Economic Growth: An Illustration”, World Bank Research Paper, World Bank, Washington, D.C., 2001.
    7. McGuire, G. and M. Schuele, “Restrictions on Trade in Financial Services for APEC Member Economics”, paper presented at the APEC Business Advisory Council Meeting, Tokyo, 21-23 May, 2000.
    8. McGuire Greg, “Methodologies for measuring restrictions on trade in services,” in OECD, Quantifying the benefits of liberalising trade in services, 2003.
    9. Trewin, R., “A Price-impact Measure of Impediments to Trade in Telecommunication Services”, in Findlay, C. and Warren, T. (eds), Impediments to Trade in Services: Measurement and Policy Implications, Routledge, London and New York, December 2000.
    10. Warren, T., “The Identification of Impediments to Trade and Investment in Telecommunication Services”, in Findlay, C. and Warren, T. (eds), Impediments to Trade in Services: Measurement and Policy Implications, Routledge, London and New York, December 2000.
    11. WTO, “Methodology developed by Switzerland to assess Schedules of commitments”, Working document, August 2005.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    國際經營與貿易研究所
    94351031
    99
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0094351031
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[國際經營與貿易學系 ] 學位論文

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