進入 2000 年以來，中國的崛起已導致全球政經與安全環境出現戲劇性的變化。尤其是自 2000 年代初期中國開始推動以世界貿易組織（ WTO ）與自由貿易協定（ FTA ）為兩大支柱的積極主動的經貿外交後，中國崛起所造成的政經衝擊迅速擴大。 由於今日中國已是擁有世界人口最多（逾 13 億）、外匯存底最多（超過 1 兆美元）的全球第三大經濟體，幾乎沒有任何單一國家能以自身的力量應付此一龐大又令人生畏的大國。因而使得如何處理與中國的關係已成為亞洲各國決策者最關注的課題，也引起各國國內進行辯論究竟崛起的中國所代表的是機會抑或是威脅、應該如何因應中國。本文主旨在試圖以中國因素為自變數來探討其在亞洲經濟整合中所造成的影響，以及澳洲對中國崛起暨中國積極主動 FTA 策略之觀感與對策，終而討論亞洲經濟整合的前景。首先將剖析 2000 年 11 月中國開始採取積極主動 FTA 策略對亞洲經濟整合的衝擊，繼而以澳洲作為個案剖析其對中國崛起的觀感、國內有關如何處理與中國關係的辯論以及對中國 FTA 策略的因應對策，最後則是蠡測亞洲經濟整合的前景。 With the advent of the 2000s, t he rise of China has dramatically transformed the global economic and security environment. In particular, the political and economic impact of rising China has greatly expanded when Beijing has taken active economic diplomacy based on two pillars of WTO and FTA since the early 2000s. As a result, how to manage China has become the most important factor that preoccupied with the mind of decision-makers in Asian countries. This has initiated debate among countries all over the world as well as among a country's domestic elite over a rising China representing an opportunity or threat. This is particularly true for countries in Asia , given its geographic proximity and increasing impact on their prosperity and security. For this reason, t his paper aims to explore Australia 's perceptions of emerging China 's economic power and its proactive FTA approach and Canberra 's response countermeasures as well as implications for prospects for Asian economic integration. I intend to first explore the general impacts of China 's proactive FTA strategy since November 2000 on Asian economic integration, then to highlight Australia 's perceptions of rising China , its governmental approach to China FTA strategy, domestic debate over how to deal with China and finally the China factor in Australia 's foreign policy and future Asian economic integration.