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    Title: 學校效能評鑑的新觀點:組織有機化影響程度之研究
    Authors: 陳木金;蔡文杰
    Contributors: 教育學院師資培育中心
    Keywords: 校長領導行為、組織特性發展、學校效能展現、有機化組織
    Date: 2013-06-01
    Issue Date: 2013-06-10 09:05:21 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 中華民國教育行政研究學會
    Abstract: 本研究主要目的為:一、型塑學校組織有機化領導的概念與論述;二、探討校長領導行為、組織特性發展與學校效能展現影響因素及現況;三、了解不同背景變項教師所知覺校長領導行為、組織特性發展與學校效能展現的差異情形;四、根據探討結果提出啟思與建議,提供作為學校校長領導行為、學校組織特性發展、學校效能展現與未來研究之參考,整合建議一種營造有機化組織的校長領導行為觀。
    本研究以自編「國民小學校長領導行為、組織特性發展與學校效能展現知覺問卷」為工具,抽取82所公立國民小學820位教師為對象,調查其所任教學校校長領導行為、組織特性發展與學校效能展現的現況,並探究三者間的關係。本研究將校長領導行為分為「校長領導風格」、「校長人格特質」、「領導人才培育」、「團隊夥伴選擇」、「校長專業風範」五個向度;將組織特性發展分為「系統思考」、「螺旋領導」、「創新策略」、「成員互動」、「協調機制」五個向度;將學校效能展現分為「組織學習效能」、「教導循環效能」、「學校創新效能」、「團隊合作效能」、「組織虛擬效能」五個向度。
    本研究主要研究發現如下:
    一、型塑九種可能的領導模式型態,包括1.經營不善型的領導者、2.效能獨具型的領導者、3.承續傳統型的領導者、4.無為而治型的領導者、5信守中道型的領導者、6.蓄勢待發型的領導者、7.個人魅力型的領導者、8.藍圖擘畫型的領導者、9.完美實現型的領導者。
    二、國民小學校長領導行為、組織特性發展及學校效能展現的現況屬於中上尚有努力的空間。
    三、不同學校背景變項教師在校長領導行為、組織特性發展及學校效能展現向度中,均有所差異。
    本研究並對教育行政單位的建議:1.謹慎遴選具有理念的優秀校長;2.辦理校長增能研習觀摩;3.重視學術性實證成果。其次,對學校提出建議:1.檢核學校領導行為類型;2.深思學校組織中校長專業風範及領導風格;3.鋪排專業社群對話平台;4.分析成員特性及環境背景;5.提供教師參與校務機會,鼓勵成員兼任適當行政工作。
    Relation: 2013「永續發展的教育行政與評鑑」學術研討會:教育評鑑(二)論文集,頁1-24。
    Description: The New Approach of Evaluation of School Effectiveness: The Study of Organic Organization
    Mu-Jin Chen (Professor of College of Education & RCMBL, National Cheng-Chi University)
    Wen-Chieh Tsai (Principal of Chang-Long Elementary School , New Taipei City)
    Abstract
    The main points for this research are:
    1.Shape the concepts and discourse for the organic leadership of school organization,
    2.Explore the effective factors on principal leadership, features of organizational development and school effectiveness display,
    3.Realize the performance differences for the principal leadership, features of organizational development and school effectiveness display that are perceived by the teachers with different backgrounds and variables,
    This research utilizes the “Perception Questionnaires for the Principal leadership, Organization character development and School effectiveness display” designed by the researcher, sampling 820 teachers in the public primary schools, and explores the present status of his/her school’s principal leadership, features of organizational development and school effectiveness display; the relationships among the aforesaid are explored as well. In the research, the principal leadership behaviors are divided into five dimensions, as “principals’ leadership style,” “principals’ character attributes,” “ leadership cultivation,” “group member selection,” and “principals’ professional type.” The features of organizational development are divided into five dimensions, as “system cogitation,” “spiral leadership,” “innovative strategies,” “members’ interaction,” and “coordination function.” The school effectiveness displays are divided into five dimensions, as “organization learning effectiveness,” “instruction circulation effectiveness,” “school innovation effectiveness”, “team cooperation effectiveness,” and “organization virtual effectiveness.”
    The main findings of the research are as follows:
    1.To shape 9 different leadership modes: (a) The underdeveloped Leadership, (b) Unique Efficiency Management, (c) Carrying on the Traditions Leadership, (d) The Leadership Under Less Interference, (e) The Belief in Golden Mean Leadership, (f) Personal Attraction Leadership, (g) Ready for Action Leadership, (h) Planning of a Blueprint Leadership, (I) Perfect Fulfilment Leadership.
    2.The present status for the principal leadership, features of organizational development and school effectiveness display is passably. There is still space for further achievement.
    3.There are significant differences for the teachers with different backgrounds and variables in the principal leadership, features of organizational development and school effectiveness display.
    This research also offers the following suggestions to administration units and schools.
    Key words: principal leadership behavior, features of organizational development, school effectiveness display, organic organization
    Data Type: conference
    Appears in Collections:[師資培育中心] 會議論文

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