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    題名: Citizens' Awareness of the New MMM Electoral System in Taiwan: A Cohort Analysis
    作者: Huang, Chi;Yu, Ching-hsin;Hsiao, Yi-ching
    黃紀
    貢獻者: 政大政治系
    關鍵詞: Electoral system;Single non-transferable vote system;Mixed-member majoritarian electoral system;Cohort analysis
    日期: 2011-10
    上傳時間: 2013-06-21 10:33:56 (UTC+8)
    摘要: Electoral systems provide the rules of translating votes into seats and
    thus decide who wins and loses in elections. Few would doubt the critical
    roles that electoral systems play in politics. Yet current literature is
    curiously silent about how ordinary citizens perceive and understand
    the electoral system, especially during the transition period when the
    system is undergoing fundamental changes. The experiences of electoral
    reform in Taiwan provide an opportune case to fill up this gap.
    Taiwan transformed its legislative electoral system from a half-century
    long SNTV (single non-transferable vote) system to a MMM
    (mixed-member majoritarian) electoral system in 2008. The new MMM
    system is a sharp departure from the original SNTV system in the total
    number of legislative seats, the district magnitude, electoral formula,
    and ballot structure. This essay intends to introduce the new MMM system
    and explore citizens’ awareness of the new MMM system in general.
    Also, it explores the changes of citizens’ knowledge of the new electoral
    system before and after the 2008 legislative election. Given the significant
    differences between the SNTV system and the MMM system, it
    firstly tests of citizens’ overall knowledge of the new MMM system.
    Then, with the help of survey data, it examines the changes of citizens’
    knowledge in election periods and non-election periods. The findings
    show a majority of citizens are not fully aware of the institutional components
    of the new MMM system. In particular, the threshold regulation
    receives the least attention by citizens. Furthermore, it finds that citizens’
    knowledge of the new MMM system is a function of electoral momentum,
    i.e., citizens’ knowledge rises as the election date approaches
    and declines after the election date. Then we proceed with a more detailed
    cohort analyses to examine which groups of citizens are more
    likely to pick up information related to the electoral system changes.
    Our findings partially support our electoral cycle hypothesis of electoral
    system knowledge.
    關聯: Election Studies, 1(2), 7-43
    資料類型: article
    顯示於類別:[政治學系] 期刊論文

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