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|Other Titles: ||Straight-and Split-Ticket Voting under the Mixed-Member Majoritarian System in Taiwan: An Analysis of the 2008 Legislative Election|
Huang, Chi;Hsiao, Yi-Ching
Mixed-Member Majoritarian System;straight-and split-ticket voting;multilevel analysis
|Issue Date: ||2013-06-21 10:34:03 (UTC+8)|
The 2005 constitutional amendment in Taiwan adopts a new mixed-member majoritarian (MMM) electoral system to replace the single nontransferable vote (SNTV) system for legislative elections. The election of the 7th Legislative Yuan held on January 12 of 2008 marked the beginning of a new era of Taiwan's legislative politics since it was the first ever election in Taiwan under the MMM system. Each voter cast two votes: one for the single-member district (SMD) candidate, and the other for the party list. It is interesting to ask how voters allocate their two ballots. This paper analyzes patterns and determinants of straight-and split-ticketing in Taiwan's 2008 election with a multilevel model which integrates individual-level survey data and district-level macro variables. We find that straight-ticket voting is dominant (76.5%), with the KMT claimed 47.6%, the DPP obtained 28.7%, and other small parties, only 0.2%. As to split-ticket voting, the pattern tends to follow the party coalitions of the blue versus green camp. Furthermore, we find that not only small party identifiers tend to vote strategically for the major party candidates of their own "color" camp, as Duverger's law predicts, but some major party identifiers also vote tactically for small parties of their camp on the PR ballot in order to maximize the total number of seats of their preferred coalition. Our multilevel model reveals that, at the individual level, voters who are younger, with higher political knowledge, weaker partisanship, and do not like their parties' nominees are more likely to split their tickets. At the district level, on the other hand, voters who reside in districts with candidates broken off parties or with strong independent candidates are more likely to cast split tickets. This is an indication that personal voting still plays a role in SMD ballots.
|Relation: ||臺灣民主季刊, 7(3), 1-43|
|Data Type: ||article|
|Appears in Collections:||[政治學系] 期刊論文|
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