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    Title: 所有制變革與中國大陸勞動關係變化之研究
    Other Titles: Changing Ownership System and Labor Relations in China
    Authors: 黃德北
    Huang, Te-pei
    Contributors: 政大政治系
    Date: 2005-07
    Issue Date: 2013-06-21 10:35:35 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: China has been transformed from a planned economy to a market economy through years of reform. Back in the era of a planned economy, all enterprises fell under public ownership. The state-owned enterprises, comprising the largest proportion of the public sector, provided workers with high-level benefits and job security. Meanwhile, the state maintained a top-down control of workers’ organizations such as trade unions and works councils, allowing little room for autonomous workers’ initiatives. With the market-economy reform, drastic changes have occurred to China’s ownership system. The relative weight of state-owned enterprises has dropped significantly, while an increasing number of workers are employed by foreign-invested enterprises and private-sector enterprises. Through the labor market, most Chinese workers now trade their commodified labor power with capitalists. What kind of implication do the changes in ownership system in China on the previous regime of labor relations, this is the main topic explored in this article.
    It is found in this study that the Chinese government has made radical revisions to a broad spectrum of labor laws and regulations for the purpose of establishing a labor regime compatible with the operations of market economy. On one hand, job security and benefits of the workers are now drastically reduced. On the other hand, however, autonomous workers’ organizations are still under myriads of tight restriction, while the enterprise-level party organizations ceased to protect workers’ rights. There are currently few existing mechanisms for ameliorating inequalities between labor and capital, thus it is still a long way to go before a labor-relations regime more favorable to workers appears in China.
    Relation: 政大勞動學報, 18, 33-77
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[政治學系] 期刊論文

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