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    政大機構典藏 > 商學院 > 會計學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/58918
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/58918


    Title: 各國反自有資本稀釋稅制與我國採用國際會計準則後對該稅制影響之研究
    The study of anti-thin capitalization rules and the impacts of IFRS on anti-thin capitalization rules in Taiwan
    Authors: 李欣
    Lee, Hsin
    Contributors: 陳明進
    Chen, Ming Chen
    李欣
    Lee, Hsin
    Keywords: 資本稀釋
    資本弱化
    國際會計準則
    負債權益比
    thin capitalization
    IFRS
    debt-equity ratio
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2013-07-22 10:19:17 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究探討我國反資本稀釋稅制在國際會計準則導入後之影響,並以各國目前對於金融工具應分類為負債或權益的規定,以及相對應之股利收入與利息收入課稅方式,了解各國對防止自有資本稀釋的規範,並提出因應國際會計準則導入,我國之反自有資本稀釋條款的可能調整方向。
    研究結果分為兩部分:在各國相關稅制上,主要以固定比率法作為反避稅的方法,而美國與德國則以盈餘減除法計算超額利息,英國藉由常規交易原則判斷經濟實質;導入國際會計準則影響上,主要係因具有融資性質的融資租賃分類標準從我國會計準則的規則基礎轉換為國際會計準則的原則基礎,而產生租賃交易的分類變動。另外金融工具在國際會計準則下以該工具的經濟實質予以分類,也與我國過去規定不甚相同,例如特別股、可贖回公司債或附賣回權之金融工具等。此外,對於關係人的認定方式,我國目前現行反自有資本稀釋法規亦與國際會計準則之範圍不同。這些項目在導入IFRS皆有稅法適用上是否配合改變之問題須待釐清。
    This study focused on thin capitalization rules and the impacts of adopting IFRS. It also emphasized the classification of debt and equity instruments of foreign countries, as well as the taxation issues of dividend and interest revenue, to introduce thin capitalization rules of other countries, and the available adjustment of Taiwanese thin capitalization regulation as to respond the adoption of IFRS.
    The conclusions of this study are divided into two parts. The first part is for other countries’ related regulations. Most countries employ fixed debt/equity ratio approach as the way of anti-avoidance. United States and Germany employ earnings stripping rules approach, while United Kingdom use arm’s length approach. The second part is for the impacts from adoption of IFRS. The impacts are mainly from finance lease and financial instruments’ classification due to the transfer from rule-based to principle-based under IFRS. In addition, financial instruments may have to reclassify with the economics substance, such as preferred stock, callable bonds, and puttable bonds, which are different from Taiwanese original rules. The definition and scope of related party in IFRS are also different and should be clarified.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    會計研究所
    100353021
    101
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0100353021
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[會計學系] 學位論文

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