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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 期刊論文 >  Item 140.119/59037
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/59037


    Title: Risk factors for PTSD after Typhoon Morkot among elderly people in Taiwanese aboriginal communities
    Authors: Chen Yi-Lung;Lai Chung-Sheng;Chen Wu-Tsung;HsuWen-Yau;Wu Yi-Chen;Chen Cheng-Sheng
    許文耀
    Contributors: 國立政治大學心理學系
    Keywords: Taiwan;trauma;relocation;older persons;disaster;depression;comorbidity;post-traumatic stress disorder
    Date: 2011-06
    Issue Date: 2013-07-23 16:17:26 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Background: This study aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with post-traumatic stress disorder
    (PTSD) symptoms in a mid- and old-age population who experienced Typhoon Morakot in Taiwan.
    Methods: One hundred and twenty people, who were mostly Taiwanese aboriginal people aged 55 years and
    above, were invited to participate in this study. PTSD symptoms were assessed using the PTSD Symptom
    Scale (PSS-I). Information regarding demographic characteristics, relocation, personal injury, family death,
    property damage, and self-perceived health was collected.
    Results: 29.2% of study participants presented significant PTSD symptomatology during the previous month.
    Development of PTSD symptomatology after the disaster was significantly associated with being female (OR
    3.63, 95% CI = 1.11–11.88), experiencing relocation (OR 5.64, 95% CI = 1.60–19.88), and having poorer
    self-perceived health (OR 4.24, 95% CI = 1.53–11.78) after controlling for age, education, personal injury,
    family death, and property damage. Further, by adding depression into the analysis, we found the risk factors
    were being female (OR 4.66, 95% CI = 1.16–18.80), experiencing relocation (OR 27.91, 95% CI = 3.74–
    229.80), family death (OR 67.62, 95% CI = 2.85–1063.68), and poorer self-perceived health (OR 28.69,
    95% CI = 4.52–182.06).
    Conclusion: Nearly 30% of the elderly people studied who experienced Typhoon Morakot developed significant
    PTSD symptomatology. The risk factors for PTSD symptoms were female gender, poorer self-perceived
    health, relocation, family death, and depression. The elderly people who were relocated by governmental
    programs were more likely to develop PTSD symptomatology after experiencing trauma. Resettlement and
    rehabilitation programs after a disaster need to be more concerned with their psychological effects on victims
    Relation: International Psychogeriatrics, 23(10), 1686-1691
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610211000986
    DOI: 10.1017/S1041610211000986
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 期刊論文

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