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    Title: 懲罰怠惰、流失人才?升等續聘標準的經濟分析
    Other Titles: Punishing Shirkers and Brain Drain: An Economic Analysis of a Stricter Standard for Academic Promotion and Review
    Authors: 林忠正
    Chung-Cheng Lin
    Contributors: 政大財政系
    Keywords: 升等續聘;偷懶;反淘汰
    academic promotion;shirking;adverse selection
    Date: 2009-09
    Issue Date: 2013-08-26 11:39:10 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 要提升學術研究單位的研究績效,一方面要能吸引與留住傑出人才投入研究行列,另一方面要能使聘任到的研究人才願意努力以赴而不偷懶怠惰。本文藉由設立與分析一個簡單的偷懶-反淘汰模型,指出近年來利用不斷提高升等續聘標準的懲罰性誘因,做為解決學者偷懶怠惰問題的主流思想。雖然在短期中享有克服偷懶問題的好處,卻會付出長期不能吸引或留住傑出人才投入研究行列的代價,結果在長期將使學術研究績效不升反降而得不償失。並且當一個學術研究單位為追求私自績效,採用提高升等續聘標準的懲罰性手段。會因降低進入學術市場的預期報酬,使得優秀人才望而卻步另擇它途發展,造成其他學術機構所能雇用到的人員素質也因而下降的負面外部性。換句話說,若無適當的配套措施,想要單純的以提高升等續聘標準的懲罰性誘因來刺激研究績效,可能反而使學術社群陷入「短多長空」與「損人利己」的雙重困境。
    Popular wisdom has it that a stricter standard for academic promotion and/or review will improve the research productivity of scholars. My belief is that the popular wisdom is right in the short-run, but it may be wrong in the long-run. A stricter standard can deter the shirking problem among scholars and improve their research performance (the short-run effect), but it may discourage able youth from entering this professional and result in lower research productivity in the future (the long-run effect). A shirking-adverse selection efficiency wage model is set up to show this belief.
    Relation: 經濟論文叢刊, 37(3), 301-323
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.6277/ter.2009.373.3
    DOI: 10.6277/ter.2009.373.3
    Appears in Collections:[財政學系] 期刊論文

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