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Tone Acquisition in Taiwan Mandarin
Yang, Han Chieh
Wan, I Ping
Yang, Han Chieh
frequency and accuracy rate
|Issue Date: ||2013-09-02 11:43:05 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||本篇論文是針對六位以台灣華語為母語的嬰幼兒，採長期觀察的方式，研究華語聲調的習得，並詳細描述單音節詞和雙音節詞之中聲調出現順序、頻率、正確率、以及代換模式。本研究同時要用Yip (2002)的標記理論來檢驗各種不同聲調語言中的共通性。|
最後，將所有跨語言的分析結果拿來檢驗Yip (2002)的標記理論後，我們發現幾乎所有語言都支持平調比曲折調早習得、降調比升調早習得。但是除了泰文之外，沒有語言能支持Yip (2002)提出的低調比高調早習得。因此，語言習得的證據能證明平調、降調、高調比曲折調、升調、低調還普遍。
The purpose of this study is to describe children’s tonal development by analyzing the tone emergence, frequency, accuracy rate, and substitution pattern, based on observing monosyllabic and disyllabic utterances in six Mandarin-speaking children in Taipei, Taiwan. This study also aims to examine several cross-linguistic data the theory of markedness presented by Yip (2002).
Six subjects are investigated with the age range from 0;10 to 1;6. The data collection is conducted fortnightly by the author and the research team. Based on video and sound files, a set of coding are employed for data analysis.
The results showed that the high-level tone  emerged the first, and it also ranked as the most frequent and stable tone. Falling tones  were consistently ranked in the second place within tone emergence, frequency, and accuracy rate. Rising tones  and low-level tones  appeared late, and were also less frequent and stabilized later than  and . The neutral tone was emerged and stabilized the last appeared and last acquired tone.
This study also found the dominated tone combination [21-35] applied particularly in the reduplications of motherese in Taiwan Mandarin. The tone combination [21-35] was proposed to be influenced by motherese, and was acquired as a prosodic whole.
The results of this study and all the cross-linguistic data are examined in Yip’s theory of markedness. The first two constraints obtained more evidence that the features of level and falling in tones were suggested to be the unmarked features in tonal languages. Regarding the third constraint, because most of the tone acquisition data indicated that high tones were acquired earlier than low tones, the more unmarked tone feature should be level, falling, and high.
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|Source URI: ||http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0099555001|
|Data Type: ||thesis|
|Appears in Collections:||[語言學研究所] 學位論文|
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