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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 期刊論文 >  Item 140.119/60721
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/60721


    Title: Psychological and behavioral factors in patients with comorbid obstructive sleep apnea and insomnia
    Authors: Yang, C.M.;Liao, Y.S.;Lin, C.M.;Chou, S.L.;Wang, E.N.;楊建銘
    Contributors: 國立政治大學心理學系
    Keywords: Comorbidity;Hyperarousal;Insomnia;Sleep apnea;Sleep cognition;Sleep hygiene
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2013-09-11 16:07:57 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Objective
    Insomnia symptoms in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are commonly assumed to be secondary to respiratory disturbances. Previous studies, however, showed that insomnia might persist after treatment for OSA. Higher levels of emotional disturbances were reported in OSA patients with insomnia than those without insomnia, which suggests that psychological factors may play an important role for their sleep difficulties. This study aimed to further explore sleep-related psychological/behavioral factors that may contribute to insomnia in OSA patients.

    Methods
    This study included 88 men, of which 33 had OSA (OSA group); 29, primary insomnia; (Insomnia group); and 26, both OSA and insomnia (OSA+Insomnia group). All subjects underwent polysomnography (PSG) overnight and completed a package of questionnaires, including the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep Scale (DBAS), Sleep Hygiene Practice Scale (SHPS), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Pre-Sleep Arousal Scale (PSAS).

    Results
    The OSA+Insomnia and Insomnia groups had significantly more dysfunctional sleep beliefs, more arousal-inducing sleep-related behaviors, and higher levels of pre-sleep arousal, anxiety, and depression than did the OSA group. The respiratory indices and arousal index were higher for OSA and OSA+Insomnia groups than for the Insomnia group.
    Conclusion
    Although OSA patients with insomnia showed a similar degree of respiratory disturbances as patients with OSA only, their psychological and behavioral profiles resembled the features of primary insomnia patients. The results support the concept of comorbid insomnia and suggest the importance of evaluating and treating both physiological and psychological factors in these patients.
    Relation: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 70, 355-361
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2010.12.005
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2010.12.005
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 期刊論文

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