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    Title: 原住民族土地制度變遷及課題與對策之研析
    Other Titles: A Study and Analysis of the Indigenous Land System
    Authors: 顏愛靜;陳亭伊
    Contributors: 政大地政系
    Keywords: 原住民族土地;土地制度;土地權;土地利用;制度變遷
    indigenous peoples’ land;land institution;land rights;land use;institutional change
    Date: 2012-05
    Issue Date: 2013-09-13 14:12:30 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 「土地」一詞對於原住民族而言,代表著先祖生活方式及智識經
    驗的軌跡、禮俗文化傳承的命脈,卻在不同政治體制等外來政權介入
    下,其土地利用的自主性也逐漸崩解。觀察近一百年來台灣原住民族
    土地制度的變遷歷程,可溯自日治時期。當時台灣總督府將原屬「準
    要存置林野」劃設為「高砂族保留地」,此等制度於台灣光復後留設
    「山地保留地」,大體上仍維持日治時期「高砂族保留地」之範圍,
    惟其面積遠較原住民族之傳統領域範圍為小,有不敷所需之虞。另
    者,遠自日治時期,即存在著原漢土地爭議的問題,光復後,政府對
    於保留地政策卻處於「開發」與「保護」的矛盾中,從而導致更多問
    題的滋生。如今順應國際社會重視原住民族基本權益,及原住民族自
    身對於主張恢復傳統領域土地權利的需求,政府一方面持續地進行各
    部落傳統領域的調查,另一方面陸續地增修法規,予以承認及保障原
    住民族土地權利。惟過去因土地制度變遷下積累的沈痾,卻未隨著對
    其權利的承認而獲得解決。故本文將探究土地制度如何變遷,及其影
    響產權與地用型態、管理體系與法制、原漢土地爭議變動之關鍵因
    素,以明辨問題之癥結,並建議未來原住民族土地政策更革之方向。
    The word “Land” for indigenous is the term where their ancestors’ way
    of life, trace of experiences, and inheritance of custom as well as culture
    spent on. Under the intervention of external political institution and force,
    the use of land by indigenous peoples has been gradually collapsed. The
    nearly one hundred years change process of Taiwan indigenous peoples’ land
    institutions can be retrieved from Japanese colonial period. The Taiwan
    General Government reformed the “quasi-settlement of forestry” into “High
    Land Indigenous reserved land.” Such institution maintains to Taiwan
    recovery and renamed as “mountainous reserved land” where the range
    approximately equal to Japanese colonial “High Land Indigenous reserved
    land.” But the area of “mountainous reserved land” is smaller than
    indigenous traditional territory where it is not enough for indigenous demand.
    Besides, there existed the conflict of land between indigenous peoples and
    Han-Chinese people from Japanese Colonial Period. After World War II,
    the KMT government had the controversy between “developing” and
    “protection” so that led to more problems. Nowadays, indigenous peoples’
    basic rights are highly considered by global societies and indigenous peoples
    ask their rights to traditional territories, the government start to investigates
    traditional territories and gradually legislate acts and laws, so that admits the
    indigenous peoples’ rights accessing to land. However, due to the
    accumulative illness to land institution change, there still had some problems
    not solved whilst their rights were admitted. So, in this study, we are going
    to explore how land institution change and the key factors towards property
    rights and land use types, management system and regulations, and the land
    conflicts between Indigenous Peoples and Han people. Finally, we would
    like to make some suggestions to future indigenous land institution.
    Relation: 台灣原住民族研究學報, 2(2), 1-25
    Journal of the Taiwan Indigenous Studies Association, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 1-25 Summer 2012
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[地政學系] 期刊論文

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