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|Title: ||「黨管一切」或是「部門利益」 : 以三峽大壩與青藏鐵路的決策為例|
|Other Titles: ||Party-State Interests|
bureaucratic interests;fragmented authoritarianism;party-state interests;principal-agent theory;Qinghai-Tibet railway;Three Gorges Dam
|Issue Date: ||2013-10-08 14:28:30 (UTC+8)|
We intend to use the principal-agent theory to explain the process in which the Central Committee of Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the State Council make decisions. Two cases, "Three Gorges Dam" and "Qinghai-Tibet Railway", are used as examples to show the main difference This paper concludes that the dual-interests principle, consisting of "party-state interests" and "bureaucratic interests," dominates the decision making process. For instance, the "Three Gorges Dam" case related only to "bureaucratic interests" in which the CPC Central Committee had no strong position and thus the decision power moved to the State Council. As a result, subordinate departments were allowed to participate in price negotiations and the results demonstrated a decision-making pattern prone to "bureaucratic interests". On the other hand, the CPC Central Committee clearly stated that the case of "Qinghai-Tibet Railway" was involved with "party-state interests", in which the Party should control everything and none of the subordinate departments was allowed to have any bargaining power. As a result, "party dictatorship" appeared to be the decision-making pattern. This paper thus argues that the theory of "fragmented authoritarianism" proposed by Kenneth Lieberthal will apply only to those decisions in which "party state interests" are not involved, because the CCP deems "party-state interests" as its sole decision territory. In other words, there exists a dual-interests principle in the decision-making system of Chinese Communist Party. As long as the party-state legacy still prevails in the CCP, it is most unlikely for a fully pluralistic decision-making pattern to appear in China, especially in the near future.
|Relation: ||中國大陸研究, 53(2), 39-72|
|Data Type: ||article|
|Appears in Collections:||[國家發展研究所] 期刊論文|
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