English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 92427/122731 (75%)
Visitors : 26268443      Online Users : 222
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/61326


    Title: 從職方到經方:古代方技、社會與國家研究之一
    Other Titles: From Chi-fang to Chin-fang: A Study on Ancient Fang-chi, Society and State
    Authors: 金仕起
    Contributors: 國立政治大學歷史學系
    Keywords: 職方;經方;方術;社會史;醫療史
    Chi-fang;Chin-fang;Fang-shu;social history;medical history
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2013-10-11 15:32:19 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: “Chi-fang,” according to Chou-li, was a group of official responsible for
    managing land, labor, and goods in different areas of Chou. “Chin-fang,” defined by
    Hanshu Bibliographical Treatise, was a kind of method for curing diseases. There are
    differences between Chi-fang and Chin-fang. 1. Chi-fang was a unit of government,
    while Chin-fang was a kind of method. 2. “Fang,”in Chi-fang, referred to direction,
    territory, or state; but in Chin-fang, it meant method, technique or recipe. 3. The
    practice of Chi-fang mainly based on the knowledge of geography, however,
    Chin-fang was closely related to the knowledge of diseases and medicine. However,
    the reason I put Chi-fang and Chin-fang together is to explore the possible connection
    between the knowledge Chi-fang professed and the method Chin-fang practice. There
    are three questions I would like to answer: 1. How did the geographical knowledge
    take shape and transform from Chou to Han? 2. How did ancient people recognize the
    relationships among geographical factors, causes of diseases and effects of medicine?
    3. What would be the possible connection between the way of political control and
    medical treatment?
    To those questions I proposed, my pilot survey shows: 1. The concept of
    geographical structure combined with the recognition of political territory and order
    of cosmos as an integrated whole in ancient China. This characteristic structure was
    consisted of a three-dimension diagram including heaven(above), earth(below)and
    a center surrounded by eight directions. 2. The relationships among geography,
    diseases and medicine basically reflected this geographical structure. Besides, the
    movement searching for immortality rised in late Chou, the reorganization of deities
    system in Chin and Han, and the readjustment of hierarchy of all creatures on earth in
    late Han all contributed to these relationships. 3. Those relationships among land,
    body, illness and medicine reflected the changes in political system from late Chou.
    And the logic embodied in practice of Chin-fang were correspondent to those changes
    in ways of political control.
    這裡的「職方」,意義本於《周禮》,指的是古代封建邦國中掌握風土、人
    民與物產的一類職官。這裡的「經方」,則取義於《漢書》〈藝文志〉,是晚
    周秦漢藉方藥治療疾病的一類實用技術。「職方」與「經方」的指涉對象不一,
    如前者的性質是王官職守,後者是醫療技術;前者之方指方位、方土、方國,
    後者則指方法、技術、配方;前者與地理風土知識關係密切,後者涉及疾病認
    識與藥物配伍。這項研究之所以連繫「職方」與「經方」,主要目的在探討「職
    方」之官所掌握的職業知識與晚周秦漢「經方」之術背景知識間的可能關係。
    這項研究試圖回答以下問題:一、周秦漢有關地理風土的認識如何形成,經歷
    了哪些轉變?二、在上述認識中,不同地理風土和人體、疾病與處方的效驗有
    哪些關係?三、從「職方」與「經方」知識背景的關係看,統治技術與醫療方
    法有無關係?有何關係?
    目前研究初步發現:一、周秦漢有關地理風土的認識與對政治疆土及宇宙結
    構的認識是一體的。其重要特徵之一,是包括了上(天)下(地),由中央(內)
    與四方四維(外)形成的所謂「二繩四鉤」的三維時空結構。這一結構性認識
    的來源甚早,可能在新石器時代即已形成,但形諸具體文字的時間則可能遲至
    晚周。二、有關不同地理風土與人體特質、疾病成因及藥物效驗關係的認識,
    基本反映了上述「二繩四鉤」的宇宙結構。而晚周人體氣論的形成,秦漢帝國
    就境內各地神祇系統所作的重新調整,以及漢末神僊家、民間宗教對宇宙萬物
    所進行的階序分類,也對上述的認識構成程度不等的影響,增添了新的內容。
    三、上述「二繩四鉤」結構的形成與轉變,與古代國家遂行國土控制的需求相
    應。古代中國政治體制從封建分立到郡縣統一的發展,使得風土、人體、疾病
    與藥物的關係隨之重組,疾病的治療在一定意義上襲用了國家控制疆土的模
    式,可以說,從「職方」職業知識到「經方」療病之術的發展,是回應了上述
    政治控制技術的發展。
    Relation: 執行期間:9408-9507
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[歷史學系] 國科會研究計畫

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    94-2411-H-004-028.pdf467KbAdobe PDF714View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback