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    Title: 中高齡失業者職業訓練與再就業問題之探討
    A Study of Middle-aged Umemployed Vocational Training and Re-employment
    Authors: 陳羿岑
    Chen, Yi Cen
    Contributors: 成之約
    Cheng, Zhi Yue
    陳羿岑
    Chen, Yi Cen
    Keywords: 中高齡失業者
    職業訓練
    重複參訓
    再就業
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2014-02-10 15:00:31 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 隨著社會人口結構的變化,高齡化與少子化對未來勞動力的運用、及相關社會保險產生很大的影響,因此提高中高齡人力資源的運用是必要的。在提升中高齡勞動力的運用政策下,期望中高齡失業者參加藉由職業訓練以協助其再就業。然而卻發現重複參加訓練者大多是中高齡的問題,未因為接受職業訓練而就業或穩定就業,反而再度回到職業訓練中,代表著中高齡的職業訓練制度出現了問題,以致無法發揮原來的效用。本研究從提升中高齡人力資源的角度,了解中高齡人力資源運用的現況、運用及再就業所面臨的問題,進而討論我國職業訓練制度現況、問題及相關規範,做為了解中高齡職業訓練的研究基礎。藉由訪談結果,分析影響中高齡職業訓練成效的原因,以探討中高齡重複參訓的原因,以釐清職業訓練在對於提升中高齡人力資源運用可能存在的問題。
    本研究發現從參加職業訓練前、課程開始、訓練過程、到訓練結束,皆存在可能影響中高齡重複參加職業訓練的原因。職業訓練未能使中高齡者順利再就業或穩定就業,職業訓練對於提高就業的效果不佳,顯示職業訓練制度存在者一些問題。本文將造成中高齡者重複參訓的問題結論出四個面向,即中高齡受訓者與環境互動所形成的選擇、中高齡受訓者與職業訓練單位的相互關係、訓練單位在職業訓練制度中的選擇、職業訓練制度模組與社會的連結等所衍生出來的現象。
    最後對於減少、解決中高齡者重複參加訓練的情況,提出相關建議。分為三個部分,首先為職業訓練制度設計的規定,包括職業訓練生活津貼、失業給付的規範、就業輔導、評鑑制度的調整等。及職業訓練執行過程,對於篩選機制的落實、課程設計與實務連結度、就業服務之資源連結、資訊宣導等。再者為中高齡與職業訓練的關係,包括協助創業、就業機會的連結與結合產業發展、增加職業訓練專班等,不僅減少重複參訓所產生資源配置不均的問題,同時也期望職業訓練能確實發揮促進中高齡者就業的功用。
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    Description: 碩士
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    勞工研究所
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    102
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