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    政大機構典藏 > 商學院 > 會計學系 > 期刊論文 >  Item 140.119/63935
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/63935


    Title: The Empirical Investigation of the Parole Policy in Taiwan
    Other Titles: 台灣假釋政策之實證研究
    Authors: Li-Chin Jennifer Ho;吳安妮;黃政仁
    Ho, Li-Chin Jennifer;Wu, An-Ne;Huang, Cheng-Jen
    Contributors: 會計系
    Keywords: 假釋政策;犯罪率;嚇阻作用;矯正機關成本
    parole policy;crime rate;deterrence effect;correctional Institution costs
    Date: 2010.03
    Issue Date: 2014-02-18 14:21:44 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: In this paper, we provide evidence on the deterrence effects of severity of punishment on crime rates based on the experience of Taiwan. Specifically, we investigate whether a tougher parole policy, which was implemented in Taiwan during 1997, is associated with a dec1ine in crime rates. Our results indicate that the overall crime rate in Taiwan dec1ined significantly after the implementation of the new parole policy. This is reflected in both misdemeanor and felony crimes. We also find that both the overall recidivism rate and the parolee recidivism rate dec1ined significantly after the implementation of the new policy. These results hold after controlling for other variables that are likely to be associated with crime rates such as unemployment rate, educational level, crime conviction rate, and police outlays. We also find that the number of new prisoners admitted to correctional institutions dec1ined significantly after the passage of the new parole policy. Overall, our results suggest that the tougher parole policy has a deterrent effect on criminal behavior, which is consistent with the deterrence hypothesis. Finally, we find that correctional institution costs increased after the 1997 parole policy change.
    Relation: Journal of Social Sciences and Philosophy, 22(1), 109-138
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[會計學系] 期刊論文

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