The extant research documents evidence of implicit taxes mainly in the developed countries and has not addressed the potential impact of macroeconomic factors on the realization of implicit taxes. Using a sample of Chinese listed companies, we provide empirical evidence that implicit taxes remain a salient tax cost of tax subsidies within a fast growing economy. Further, we show that economic growth reduces the positive relation between implicit taxes and tax subsidies and, conversely, capital investment growth enhances this positive relation. However, the moderating effects of the two macroeconomic factors are less salient for the Chinese state-owned enterprises than for their privately-owned counterparts. Together, the results provide new evidence of the effects of macroeconomic factors and ownership structure on the realization of implicit taxes.
Journal of International Accounting, Auditing and Taxation, 19(2), 79-92