Overseas dividend remittance is an important vehicle for multinational corporations (MNCs) to move funds among their global subsidiaries. Using firm-level data from 2001 to 2004 for Taiwan-based MNCs with subsidiaries in China, this paper provides empirical evidence on the effect of imputation credits on overseas dividend remittances. We find that imputation credits have a positive effect on increasing foreign dividend payouts, thereby reducing the efficiency loss induced by the tax cost for within-firm dividends of MNCs. We also document evidence that parent companies’ net fund flows from related-party transactions with their subsidiaries are negatively correlated with dividends repatriated from those affiliates, supporting the notion that transfer-pricing may be substituting for within-firm dividend remittance. Our results contribute to understanding the links between taxation and related-party transactions and subsidiary dividend repatriation decisions of MNCs.
Journal of Contemporary Accounting & Economics, 7(1), 18-30