English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 11 |  Items with full text/Total items : 88613/118155 (75%)
Visitors : 23479724      Online Users : 661
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/64522


    Title: 南韓經濟發展的政治經濟分析:1963~1997
    Other Titles: The Political Economic Analysis on South Korea Economic Development: 1963~1997
    Authors: 蔡增家
    Tsai, Tzeng-Jia
    Contributors: 國關中心
    Keywords: 策略性互賴;重化工業;大推進;五年經濟發展計畫;經濟企畫院;經濟穩定計畫
    strategic interdependence;heavy-chemiscal industry;economic planning;bureaucratic mobilization regime
    Date: 1998-11
    Issue Date: 2014-03-11 09:57:58 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文主要論點是認為南韓遭受去年金融風暴的打擊,其原因是來自大企業的經濟壟及扭曲自由市場競爭的機能。自七0年代以來,南韓的經濟發展被認為東亞發展模式的典範,南韓自一九七三年以來在朴正熙政權的主導下,以威權國家為主導,在安全與經濟的考量下,全力發展以大企業為主體的「重化工業」,來實施「經濟大推進」計畫,並對外舉債,以求國家經濟的快速發展。但在這種經濟發展模下,政府依賴大企業來促進經濟成長,大企業仰賴政府所控制的銀行機構給予充裕資金來擴大規模,形成「策略性的互賴」(strategic interdependence)。到了全斗煥政權時期,由於重化工業的過度發展及面臨全球性的經濟不景氣,全斗煥政權時期,由於重化工業的過度發展及面臨全球性的經濟不景氣,全斗煥便進行所謂的「穩定經濟計畫」,想要減少大企業在國內市場所佔的比例及降低通貨膨脹的危機,但是大企業在經濟的影響力已遠超過技術官僚與政府的能力,使得失衡的企業結構及脆弱的金融體制成為南韓經濟成長背後的最大隱憂。去年東亞金融風暴終於將南韓脆弱的企業體系及扭曲的金融機制完全顯露出來,在南韓大企業紛紛倒閉及國際收支不斷惡化的情況下,使得南韓政府不得不拋下民族自尊,接受國際貨幣基金(IMF)的經濟托管。因此本文將從一九七一至一九七九年南韓重化工業的經濟發展模式,來探討南韓政府、企業與銀行機構之間的互動關係,以探索出這次金融風暴的真正意涵。
    Beginning in the 1970s, the Park Chung-Hee government borrowed foreign capital to promote the heavy-chemiscal industry as part of the general plan to promote rapid economic growth. Under this economic development model, the South Korean government has controlled national finance in order to supply a large amount of money to the chaebols. As the chaebols stimulate economic prosperity but are yet also dependant on national capital, this phenomenon has become known as “strategic economic interdependence.” This interdependence began in the 1980s, yet the unbalanced sectoral structure and fragile financial system gradually worked to undermine the economic achievements of South Korea as chaebols incrementally monopolized the economic structure. The financial turbulence in 1997 ultimately exposed South Korea’s distorted political economic structure. With unbalanced international payments and the bankruptcy of chaebols, South Korea turned to the International Monetary Fund for assistance. This article introduces the South Korean economic development experience and highlights the relationship between government, chaebol, and banks from 1972 to 1997 in order to explore the primary reasons behind South Korea’s economic dilemma.
    Relation: 問題與研究, 37(11), 29-48
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[問題與研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    29-48.pdf1429KbAdobe PDF884View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback